Types of Audits

Compliance Audits
The Compliance Audit Function develops audit programs to assess, evaluate, and make recommendations to management regarding the effectiveness of the University’s compliance program.  The compliance audit function evaluates whether the compliance program promotes a culture that fosters ethical and compliance behavior with adequate internal controls that effectively prevent and/or detect violations of laws, regulations, university policies or code of conduct; and ensures that compliance expectations and responsibilities are timely communicated to departments, functions, and employees.   

Financial Audits
The financial audit function develops audit programs to assess, evaluate, and make recommendations to management regarding accounting and financial reporting of transactions and activities.  The function's central objective is to ensure that the financial activity of the department, unit or function is completely and accurately reflected in the appropriate financial reports.  Some areas which financial audits focus include:  segregation of duties, authorizations and approvals, reviews and reconciliations. 

Operational Audits
This function assesses risks and evaluates internal controls of operational systems for departments, units, and functions.   Operational audit objectives include determining whether operations are functioning efficiently, effectively, and in accordance with management’s intent. The operational audit function evaluates the use of resources available to the department, unit or function to determine if management’s objectives and goals are being met in the most effective and efficient manner.  Some areas of operational audits include:  organizational structure, asset management and security, staffing, and productivity.  

Construction Audits
Construction auditing blends critical financial, operational and compliance approaches to develop audit programs that assess, evaluate and make recommendations to those managing Brown’s construction projects. Some core financial elements in construction audits include: contract accounting, reconciliations, pricing, allowable costs, overhead, change orders, and supporting documentation for claimed costs. It also evaluates key operational functions such as:  contractor selection process, contract development, change orders, schedule management, and delivery timeliness. Compliance elements can include:  funding documentation requirements, and compliance with current laws and regulations. Although it is preferable to begin in the Pre-Construction phase, the audit can also begin during the Construction and Post-Construction phases. 

Information Technology Audits
The information technology audit function develops audit programs to assess, evaluate, and make recommendations to management regarding the adequacy of internal controls inherent in the University’s information systems, and the effectiveness of the associated risk management. The information technology audit function assesses the extent to which automated information processing systems, technology, architecture and processes produce reliable and accurate information, are in accordance with Brown’s policies and procedures, and applicable laws and regulations.

Advisory and Consulting Engagements
Advisory and consulting engagements include review of existing business processes and strategies, as well as implementations. It also includes evaluation and advice on policies, procedures, process enhancements, and any management requests for reviews of areas considered mutually critical. 

Investigations
This area includes, but is not limited to, inappropriate activity or behavior involving Brown’s accounts and operations.  For additional information, please see the Fiscal Misconduct Policy and Procedures and the Ethics and Compliance Reporting System (EARS)