Calendar of Events

  • Rory Turnbull, Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, École Normale Supérieure Download Rory Turnbull, Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, École Normale Supérieure to my desktop calendar

    February 9, 2016 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM RESCHEDULE TO TUESDAY, FEB. 9 DUE TO STORM - Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Lecture Series. Title: An investigation of probabilistic phonetic reduction. Abstract: Abstract: Speech is intrinsically variable, yet humans do a remarkably good job at retrieving the original message from noisy input. Multiple factors intervene between the retrieval of a word-form from the lexicon and the word's articulation in the mouth. Many of these factors are irrelevant from a linguistic or cognitive point of view - for example, idiosyncratic differences in vocal tract morphology. However, some factors are relevant, and can shed light on cognitive processing and linguistic representations. Probabilistic phonetic reduction is one such factor, and the focus of this talk. Probabilistic phonetic reduction is a phenomenon whereby words which are more contextually predictable tend to be pronounced less clearly than words which are less predictable. This talk has two major components. First, the extent of this phenomenon is explored. Through corpus-based and experimental studies, I present evidence that probabilistic reduction is active in two novel phonetic domains, namely, nasal place assimilation and pitch variation, suggesting a cognitive rather than articulatory locus for this phenomenon. These studies also suggest that differing definitions of "predictability" can yield markedly different results. Next, I address the explanatory adequacy of a cluster of related theories that purport to explain why probabilistic phonetic reduction occurs. Through an individual differences approach, I demonstrate that none of the contemporary theories are able to provide a satisfactory account without extensive modification. Desiderata for a satisfactory model are discussed. Taken together, these data suggest that probabilistic phonetic reduction is not a simple phenomenon amenable to easy explanation. This investigation further suggests that the study of phonetic reduction is able to inform research both at an acoustic level and at a cognitive level. Future research in this vein will likely yield fruitful results for both areas of inquiry. http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Building, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Colloquia, Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, First Years, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors, For Masters candidates only, Audience, Brain Science Program, Biology and Medicine, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Faculty, Staff, Postdocs, Departments
  • Perception Action Seminar Series Download Perception Action Seminar Series to my desktop calendar

    February 18, 2016 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Seminar Series. Speaker: Dan Yamins, PhD, McGovern Institute for Brain Research, MIT. Title: Using Behaviorally-Driven Computational Models to Uncover Principles of Cortical Representation. PLEASE NOTE: THIS TALK WILL BE HELD IN METCALF 104 http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events > Other location: see description for details Dept: CLPS, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments, Seminars
  • Perception Action Seminar Series Download Perception Action Seminar Series to my desktop calendar

    February 25, 2016 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Seminar Series. Speaker: Mike Esterman, Boston University School of Medicine. Title: Characterizing and enhancing sustained attention. > Other location: see description for details Dept: CLPS, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments, Seminars
  • Perception Action Seminar Series Download Perception Action Seminar Series to my desktop calendar

    March 17, 2016 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Seminar Series. Speaker Ella Amit, Harvard University. Title: TBA http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events > Other location: see description for details Dept: CLPS, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments, Seminars
  • Jean E. Fox Tree, University of California, Santa Cruz Download Jean E. Fox Tree, University of California, Santa Cruz to my desktop calendar

    March 23, 2016 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Lecture Series: "The Usefulness of Useless Utterances: Why Um, Like, and Other Disparaged Phenomena are not Superfluous" Abstract: Spontaneous communication differs from prepared communication in what is said, how it is said, and how talk develops based on addressee responses. Spontaneously produced phenomena such as ums, likes, and rising intonation on declarative sentences, or uptalk, are often vilified, but they have specific functions. In addition to what is said and how it is said, spontaneous communication involves responding to contributions from interlocutors. Even the shortest of addressee responses, such as the choice between uh huh versus oh, affects speaker production and overhearer comprehension. Differences between quotation devices, such as said versus like, also reflect functional choices. Because many spontaneous phenomena do not appear in carefully constructed communication, there has been a mistaken conclusion that they are uninformative. In fact, however, spontaneous phenomena are solutions to problems encountered in unplanned, unrehearsed communication. Metcalf Research Building, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Colloquia, Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, First Years, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors, For Masters candidates only, For PhD candidates only, Audience, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Faculty, Staff, Postdocs, Departments
  • Tali Sharot, University College of London Download Tali Sharot, University College of London to my desktop calendar

    April 6, 2016 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Lecture Series: Title: TBA http://www.brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Building, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Colloquia, Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, First Years, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors, For Masters candidates only, For PhD candidates only, Audience, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Faculty, Staff, Postdocs, Departments
  • Perception Action Seminar Series Download Perception Action Seminar Series to my desktop calendar

    April 14, 2016 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Seminar Series. Speaker: Anna Kosovicheva, Northeastern University. Title: TBA http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events > Other location: see description for details Dept: CLPS, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments, Seminars
  • Aaron Berard Ph.D. Defense Download Aaron Berard Ph.D. Defense to my desktop calendar

    April 27, 2016 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Title TBA Metcalf Research Building, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, Audience, Departments
  • Henry Wellman, University of Michigan Download Henry Wellman, University of Michigan to my desktop calendar

    May 4, 2016 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Harold Schlosberg Colloquium: Title: TBA http://www.brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Building, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, First Years, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors, For Masters candidates only, For PhD candidates only, Audience, Faculty, Staff, Postdocs, Departments

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