Art 336: Architecture and Memory

This course investigates 19th and 20th century theories of architecture that make explicit use of architectural evidence from the ancient and traditional societies. In the Western scholarship, architectural historians used ancient and vernacular paradigms in their interpretations, offering detailed discussions of especially classical and Near Eastern architecture. The architecture of antiquity and that of the non-western vernacular are represented in this literature in a variety of different ways, ranging from Orientalism of 19th century to the phenomenological approaches of latest decades. Architectural theory contributed to the construction (or critique) of bipolar categories such as the East and West, ancient and modern, industrial and pre-industrial through their representations. In this course we will explore these representations of the ancient and the vernacular in architectural debates, vis-á-vis more recent evidence provided by contemporary archaeological research from the Near East and the Aegean. Central issues in modern architectural theory including the relationship between collective memory and the built environment, and the interdisciplinary approaches in the interpretation of ancient architectural space will be main focus of discussions.

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