Department of
Facilities Management
Brown University
Box 1941
295 Lloyd Ave.
Providence, RI 02912

Facility Emergency:
Tel: (401) 863-7800

Service Request:
Tel: (401) 863-7800

Main Office:
Tel: (401) 863-7850
Fax: (401) 863-7885

Overview of Building Temperature Control Parameters

To help the Brown Community understand the operation of the heating and cooling systems on campus, a summary of representative types of building heating and cooling systems, as well as their various control system types, are presented below.

Heating:

Older campus buildings utilize steam for heating via radiators. Although effective and simple to operate, steam systems are difficult to zone and control to maintain comfortable space temperatures throughout all areas of the building. Many steam systems are zoned such that only one thermostat will control a single floor or an entire section of a building; some buildings have only one to two thermostats for the entire building. In these buildings, areas where the thermostat is located will tend to be comfortable while other areas of the building may become too hot or too cold.

Other campus buildings are heated with hot water via radiators or fancoil units, which incorporate a fan to push conditioned air (heated or cooled depending upon the season) out of the unit. Based on the building size and its configuration, many radiator systems within buildings are zoned such that there is one thermostat for a group of offices, one for each side of a building, or one for each floor of the building. Fancoil systems are generally zoned such that each room or each fancoil unit has its own thermostat, which provides for good comfort levels throughout individual spaces of the building.

Other buildings, such as the larger research, academic and classroom buildings incorporate central forced-air systems for both heating and cooling. Depending on the use and function of the building, these systems may be designed such that there is only one thermostat for a section or floor of a building, or there may be a thermostat for each individual office or space. The latter provides for good individual comfort levels throughout all spaces of a building.

Cooling:

Older, smaller campus buildings and dormitories have no air conditioning or have limited cooling that is provided by individual window-type air conditioners, which have manual temperature controls. Renovated buildings and many of the newer campus buildings typically have central air conditioning that is provided from either local fancoil units located within individual room spaces or from central forced-air type systems - both types typically perform both heating and cooling. Depending on the use and function of the building, these systems may be designed such that there is only one thermostat for a section or floor of a building or there may be a thermostat for each individual office or space.

Dual Temperature Systems:

There are campus buildings that utilize fancoil units or central forced-air systems for heating and cooling are of a changeover design. This type of construction allows for the system to provide for either cooling or heating depending upon the season, but not both at the same time. This design differs from a year-round design, which allows the system to provide both cooling and heating to various parts of a building either simultaneously or within a very short timeframe to convert from one mode to the other.

For most building occupants, the "changeover" design is an issue primarily during the spring and fall "shoulder" seasons where Facilities Management staff must manually change over the operation of the building system from heating to cooling and vice versa. As the changeover process is time-consuming, the changeover schedule is based on the building needs, outside air temperatures, and anticipated weather forecasts. For some buildings there is an additional seasonal concern as parts of the building, such as the perimeter areas, may require heating in the fall while the interior portions of the building may still require cooling.

Please refer to the Facilities Management website for the 2010 air conditioning to heating changeover schedule.

Controls:

Temperatures and temperature setpoints within the newer and recently-renovated campus buildings are typically monitored and controlled by state-of-the art, computer-based building control systems. Depending upon the building and location, most of these systems allow the user to manually adjust the room or building zone temperatures individually; where these systems do not allow user control, they are remotely controlled and monitored via the use of room temperature sensors. All of these computer-based building control systems are in turn monitored and supervised by central computer systems.

Other campus buildings do not use central computer-based controls for temperature control. Instead, these buildings have various types of manual or local building control systems installed. These types of building control systems are typically "stand alone" in that they are not remotely monitored by the Facilities Management central computer systems.

Manual building controls are typically items such as the thermostat and fan speed control switches located on fancoil units or air conditioners within individual rooms. Local controls are typically manual thermostats or temperature sensors located in the corridor of a building (for zone control) that are in turn connected to the building local control system. Depending upon the building and location, many of these local control systems allow the user to manually adjust the room or building zone temperatures individually; other locations may contain a sensor only, which does not allow the user to adjust the temperature settings.

For buildings with central computer-based control systems, Facilities Management will set the temperature settings and monitor the temperatures to achieve the University's temperature policy. To view Brown's Temperature Policy, please click on this link: Temperature Policy. For buildings with local control systems, Facilities Management personnel or the occupants will adjust the temperature settings in the building. As theses type of control systems do not report to Facilities Management directly for monitoring and control, it is difficult for us to proactively make the necessary temperature adjustments or respond to "hot/cold" complaints without relying on our customers (students, faculty, and staff) to let us know that their room/building is too hot or too cold.

The building control systems at Brown are categorized into three basic types based on the "controllability" of each system:

Summary

As described above, there are a wide variety of systems installed for maintaining building space temperatures. To find out what type of heating, cooling, and control system is in your building, find your building on the following Building list and read the system type under the appropriate column.

Based on this information, if you are unsure if the space temperature conditions within your building can be reasonably maintained in compliance with the University's Temperature Policy or if you are having problems with too "hot /too cold" issues within your building, please do not hesitate to contact the Facilities Management Service Response Center at 863-7800 or use Facilities Management Self Service, (FSS).

Building List

Key

Building
Name
Function Heating
System
Cooling
System
Control Type Changeover
Alumnae Hall Academic Steam Local 1A Yes
Andrews Hall Dormitory Forced Air Local 2F Yes
Andrews House Support Steam Local 2A No
Angell Street 127 Rental Steam NA 2A NA
Angell Street 129 Rental Steam NA 1A NA
Angell Street 195 Student Activity Steam Forced Air 2A Yes
Ann Mary Brown Memorial Library Library Forced Air Forced Air 1F Yes
Archibald House: Keeney Quad Dormitory Hot water NA 2F NA
Arnold Laboratory Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Barbour Hall Dormitory Hot Water NA 1A NA
Barus & Holley Building Academic Forced Air, Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Barus Building Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Benevolent 020 Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Benevolent Street 005 Admin Forced Air Local 1A Yes
Benevolent Street 022 Rental Stream NA 3A NA
Benevolent Street 026 Admin Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Benevolent Street 070-072 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Benevolent Street 074-080 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Benevolent Street 084 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Benevolent Street 086 Rental Steam, Forced Air NA 2A NA
Benevolent Street 088 Student Activity Steam Local 2A No
Benevolent Street 095 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Benevolent Street 097 Rental Hot Water NA 2A NA
Benevolent Street 099 Rental Forced Air NA 2A NA
Benoni Cooke House Admin Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Bio-Med - Animal Care Facility Academic Forced Air, Forced Air 1F No
Bio-Med - Grimshaw-Gudewicz Building Academic Forced Air, Forced Air 1F Yes
Bio-Medical Center Academic Forced Air Forced Air 1F Yes
Blistein House Academic Steam Local 3A NA
Bowen Street 240 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Bowen Street 247 Rental Forced Air NA 3A NA
Bowen Street 251 Rental Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Bronson House: Keeney Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Brook Street 245-257 Rental Steam, Forced Air NA 2A NA
Brook Street 277 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Brook Street 281-283 Rental Hot Water NA 1A NA
Brook Street 333 Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Brook Street 341 Academic Hot Water NA 3A No
Brook Street 456 Rental Hot Water NA 2A NA
Brown 068-70 Academic Hot Water Forced Air 2F Yes
Brown Office Building Admin Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Brown Stadium Athletics Hot Water NA 1A NA
Brown Street 093 Rental Forced Air NA 3A NA
Brown Street 095 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Brown Street 109 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Brown Street 111 Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Brown Street 117 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Brown Street 131-133 Rental Steam, Forced Air NA 2A NA
Buxton House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Caswell Hall Dormitory Steam NA 3F NA
Champlin Hall: Pembroke Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Chapin House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Charlesfield Street 038 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Charlesfield Street 059 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Charlesfield Street 066-068 Rental Hot Water NA 2A NA
Charlesfield Street 070-072 Rental Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Charlesfield Street 071-073 Rental Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Charlesfield Street 075-077 Support Hot Water Local 2A No
Charlesfield Street 079 Rental Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Charlesfield Street 108-110 Rental Steam NA 2A NA
Churchill House Academic Hot Water Local 1A No
Corliss-Brackett House Admin Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Cushing Street 084-086 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Cushing Street 154 Rental Forced Air NA 3A NA
Cushing Street 166 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Diman House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Dyer House Academic Hot Water Local 1A No
Emery House: Pembroke Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Everett House: Keeney Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Faculty Club Dining Forced Air Forced Air 1A Yes
Faunce House Student Activity Hot Water Forced Air 2F Yes
Feinstein (Louis & Lillian) House Academic Forced Air Local 1A No
Fones Alley 008 Admin Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Fox Point Day Care Center Support Hot Water Local 2A No
Frederick Lippitt and Mary Ann Lippitt House Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Gardner House Support Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Geo-Chem Building Academic Hot Water Local 1F Yes
George Street 025 Admin Hot Water Local 3A No
George Street 067 Academic Hot Water Local 1A No
George Street 155 Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
George Street 163 Academic Hot Water Local 2A No
George Street 180 Academic Hot Water Forced Air 2A Yes
George Street 182 Academic Hot Water Local 2A Yes
George Street Annex 155 Academic Forced Air Forced Air 1A No
Gerard House, Samuel N. Academic Steam Local 3A No
Giddings House Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Goddard House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Graduate Center A Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Graduate Center B Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Graduate Center C Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Graduate Center D Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Graduate Center E Admin Hot Water Forced Air 2F Yes
Grant Recital/Fulton Rehearsal Hall Academic Hot Water Forced Air 2F Yes
Haffenreffer Barn Academic Hot Water Local 1A No
Haffenreffer Caretaker Support Forced Air Local 1A No
Haffenreffer Museum Academic Steam Local 1A No
Haffenreffer Outing Facility Student Activity Hot Water NA 3A NA
Harkness House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Hegeman Hall Dormitory Steam NA 3F NA
Hemisphere Building Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2A Yes
Hillel House Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2A Yes
Hope College Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Hope Street 134 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Hope Street 190 Academic Hot Water Local 2A No
Hoppin House Admin Hot Water Local 2A Yes
Horace Mann House Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Hunter Laboratory of Psychology Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
J. Nicholas Brown Center Academic Steam Local 3A No
J. Walter Wilson Laboratory Academic Forced Air Forced Air 1A Yes
Jameson House: Keeney Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
John Carter Brown Library Library Forced Air Forced Air 1F No
John Hay Library Library Forced Air Forced Air 1A No
John Street 050 Support Forced Air Local 2A No
Kassar-Gould Academic Hot Water Local 2A Yes
King House Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Ladd Observatory Academic Hot Water NA 3A NA
Lincoln Field Building Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
List Art Building Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Littlefield Hall Dormitory Steam NA 3F NA
Lloyd Avenue 165-167 Rental Steam NA 2A NA
Lloyd Avenue 295 Support Forced Air Forced Air 1A No
Lyman Hall Academic Hot Water Local 2F Yes
MacFarlane House Academic Hot Water Local 2A Yes
Machado (Antonio) House Dormitory Hot Water Local 3F Yes
MacMillan (W. Duncan, '53) Hall Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Maddock Alumni Center Admin Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Manning Hall/Chapel Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2A Yes
Manning Street 029 Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Manning Street 037 Academic Forced Air Local 3A No
Marcy House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Marston Boat House Athletics Hot Water Local 2A No
Marston Hall Academic Steam Local 2A No
Maxcy Hall Academic Steam Local 1A No
Mead House: Keeney Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Medical Research Laboratory Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Meehan (George V.) Auditorium Athletics Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Meiklejohn House Academic Forced Air Local 3A NA
Mencoff Hall Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Metcalf Chemistry Laboratory Academic Steam Local 2A Yes
Metcalf Hall Dormitory Steam NA 3F NA
Metcalf Research Laboratory Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Miller Hall Dormitory Steam NA 3F NA
Minden Hall Dormitory Steam NA 3F,1A NA
Morrison-Gerard Studio Academic Hot Water Forced Air 2A Yes
Morriss Hall: Pembroke Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
New Pembroke No. 1 Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
New Pembroke No. 2 Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
New Pembroke No. 3 Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
New Pembroke No. 4 Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F Yes
Nicholson House Admin Forced Air Forced Air 2A Yes
Norwood House Academic Hot Water Local 3A No
Olive Street 020 Rental Hot Water NA 3A NA
Olney House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Olney-Margolies Athletic Center Athletics Forced Air Forced Air 1F Yes
Orwig Music Hall Academic Hot Water Forced Air 2A Yes
Park Lane 10 Support Forced Air Forced 1A Yes
Partridge Hall Academic Hot Water Local 2A Yes
Pembroke Fieldhouse Support Hot Water NA 3A NA
Pembroke Hall Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Perkins Hall Dormitory Steam NA 3F NA
Peter Green House Academic Forced Air Local 1A Yes
Pizzitola (Paul J. Bailey) Gymnasium Athletics Forced Air Forced Air 1F Yes
Plant Environmental Center Academic Forced Air Local 2A Yes
Plantation House (219 Bowen) Dormitory Hot Water NA 2F NA
Poland House: Keeney Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Power Street 089 Support Steam Local 3A No
Prince Engineering Laboratory Academic Hot Water Forced Air 2F Yes
Prospect House Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Rhode Island Hall Admin Forced Air Air IA Yes
Robinson Hall Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Rochambeau House Academic Steam Local 2A No
Rockefeller (John D., Jr.) Library Library Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Salomon Center for Teaching Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Sayles Hall Academic Hot Water Local 2F Yes
Sciences Library Library Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Sears House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Sharpe House Academic Hot Water Local 3A No
Sharpe Refectory Dining Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Ship St. 70 Academic Forced Air Forced Air 1F No
Shirley Miller House Academic Steam Local 2A Yes
Sidney Frank Hall for Life Sciences Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2A No
Slater Hall Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Smith-Buonunno Hall Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Steinert Center Academic Forced Air Forced Air 2A Yes
Stimson Avenue 002 Academic Steam Forced Air 2A Yes
T.F. Green Hall Student Activity Forced Air Forced Air 1A No
Taft Avenue Daycare Center Support Forced Air Local 1A Yes
Temporary Pool Athletics Forced Air NA 3A NA
Thayer Street 135 Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Thayer Street 315 Rental Steam NA 2A NA
Tockwotten Street 285 Support Forced Air NA 1A No
University Hall Admin Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Urban Environmental Laboratory Academic Hot Water Local 2A Yes
Vartan Gregorian Quad A Dormitory Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Vartan Gregorian Quad B Dormitory Hot Water NA 1A Yes
Verney-Wooley Dining Hall Dining Forced Air Forced Air 2F Yes
Walter Hall Academic Hot water Local 1A Yes
Waterman Street 070 Academic Hot Water Local 2A Yes
Waterman Street 086 Rental Steam NA 3A NA
Waterman Street 125-127 Rental Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Waterman Street 131 Admin Hot Water Local 1A No
Waterman Street 133 Admin Hot Water Local 1A No
Waterman Street 137 Academic Hot Water Local 1A No
Watson (Thomas J., Sr.) Center for Information Technology Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Watson Institute Academic Forced Air Forced Air 1F Yes
Wayland House: Wriston Quad Dormitory Hot Water Local 1A Yes
West House Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Wilbour Hall Academic Hot Water Local 1A Yes
Wilson Hall Academic Hot Water Local 2A Yes
Woolley Hall: Pembroke Quad Dormitory Hot Water NA 3F NA
Young Orchard Avenue 002 Dormitory Hot Water Hot Water NA 2F NA
Young Orchard Avenue 004 Dormitory Hot Water NA 2F NA
Young Orchard Avenue 010 Dormitory Hot Water NA 2F NA