Before you start these exercises
The fill-in exercises are for reviewing the functions of cases
and case endings. These exercises should NOT be done by simply
listening to the video and intuitively filling the blanks with
whatever you feel is there. Careful listening is important, but
we must remember that we may recognize sounds in a way that may
be different from the Czech native speaker because our native
sound system is wired differently from that of a Czech speaker.
For example, the sound -ej is often registered by the English
native speaker as a long é; the short -y in Czech sounds
like a short -e to the English speaker. Note that some blanks
may not contain anything (zero-endings).
The most important point is to combine your ear and your grammar
knowledge. You must be able to explain why you put down the form.
A typical detailed explanation should run like the following:
“this blank should be filled with form X because…
(a) the word has Y-grammar function in the sentence/has a meaning
(b) the word belongs to the Z-type noun/adjective/verb/... or
the word is a hard/soft declension masc. animate noun”
Sample: Za rybník........(1). doprava, jsme 120km jinde,
(a) Za rybníkem doprava,
(b) za plus the instrumental case to denote location behind something
(c) rybník is a hrad-type noun; or rybník is a hard
delension in animate masc. noun; the instrumental singular is