Fiscal Misconduct

Purpose:

The purpose of this policy is to promote employee awareness, to communicate the University’s expectations of its employees regarding suspected fiscal misconduct and the consequences of fiscal misconduct, and to establish a mechanism for reporting fiscal misconduct.  Brown University is committed to the highest ethical and professional standards in all aspects of its operations including the management and stewardship of University assets.

Definition of Fiscal Misconduct:

Fiscal misconduct is the deliberate action by an individual to misrepresent or conceal the facts of a business transaction.  Fiscal misconduct includes fraud, embezzlement, the theft of goods or services, and the abuse of Brown University resources (including funds and property from outside entities for purposes such as sponsored research) to secure an unfair or personal gain. 

Fiscal mismanagement that results in a material financial risk to the University may also constitute fiscal misconduct.  Failure to reasonably safeguard University assets, properly supervise budgets under one’s control, and duly adhere to applicable University policies may also constitute fiscal misconduct, if such failure leads to financial loss to the University.  Suspected fiscal misconduct is a reasonable belief or actual knowledge that fiscal misconduct has occurred or is occurring.

Applicability:

This policy applies to all University employees, including student workers.  All University employees are responsible for the proper conduct and handling of any University resources or fiscal matters entrusted to them, in accordance with laws, regulations, University policies and other expectations of ethical business conduct. 

Investigative Procedures:

Employees are obligated to promptly report to the Chief University Auditor any actual or suspected fiscal misconduct, whether by members of the University community or by persons outside the University but involving University resources.  If fiscal misconduct is instead reported to a supervisor, chairperson, director, dean, vice president, or another responsible person, that individual must immediately notify the Chief University Auditor. 

The Chief University Auditor has the primary responsibility for coordinating the initial assessment, investigation, and internal reporting of known or suspected fiscal misconduct and for determining whether and when to convene a meeting of the University’s Fiscal Misconduct Evaluation Team (Team).  The core Team, which includes the Chief University Auditor, the VP of Human Resources, and the SVP for Corporation Affairs and Governance/Chief Risk Officer, will respond to the situation and make recommendations to management and/or the President as appropriate.  Depending on the circumstances, representatives from other offices including the Office of the Provost, the Division of Biology and Medicine, the Office of Campus Life, the Office of the Vice President for Research, the Dean of the College, or the Chief of Police/Director of Public Safety may be notified.

University employees are required to cooperate fully with those authorized to conduct investigations of suspected fiscal misconduct.  Individuals who are not charged with the responsibility for investigating reports of fiscal misconduct shall not attempt to conduct investigations. 

Consequences of Fiscal Misconduct:

Disciplinary action up to and including termination or, for a student, expulsion from the University, will be imposed and appropriate civil and/or criminal action may be pursued if an investigation reveals fiscal misconduct through misappropriation of University funds or resources or other security breaches in the University, including its financial and operating systems.  All members of the Brown University community are responsible for ensuring that their own conduct fully complies with this policy, and that anyone reporting to them is aware of this policy.

Procedures and Responsibilities:

The following sections outline the basic responsibilities of those units or individuals involved with an incident of actual or suspected fiscal misconduct.

  • The responsible administrator of the unit where the known or suspected fiscal misconduct may have or may be occurring is responsible for:
    1. Reporting all known or suspected incidents of fiscal misconduct as required by this policy to the Chief University Auditor to obtain guidance on how to proceed;
    2. Not attempting to conduct an independent investigation.  The administrator should not confront or accuse the individual suspected of fiscal misconduct or make any arrangements for the resolution of the matter without consultation with the Team;
    3. Fully securing and strictly limiting access to any relevant computer and manual records as soon as the fiscal misconduct is suspected or when there is reason to believe further losses may occur. Common steps may include changes in staff assignments, obtaining keys, removing systems access, and reassigning signature and approval authority;
    4. Using discretion and not discussing the circumstances with persons not involved in the incident or with persons without an essential need-to-know; and
    5. At the completion of any investigation, implementing changes in policy and procedures for improved internal controls to prevent reoccurrence.
  • The Office of Internal Audit Services is responsible for:
    1. Conducting an assessment of an incident where sufficient facts or evidence is apparent to determine if, in fact, fiscal misconduct has occurred;
    2. Coordinating and notifying the Team and other departments who may need to be involved in a review or investigation as appropriate;
    3. When a loss has occurred, determining how the loss occurred, the amount of the loss, and possible individuals involved;
    4. Evaluating the systems of internal control and making recommendations for improvements; and
    5. Following standard audit reporting procedures.
  • The Office of Human Resources is responsible for:
    1. Providing guidance to the appointing unit, administration, and others affected as to appropriate personnel actions to be taken if the suspect is a University employee;
    2. Providing personnel policy interpretation and guidance;
    3. Participating in the investigation and resolution process and preparing reports, as necessary; and
    4. Consulting with the appropriate senior officer(s) to determine and enforce appropriate disciplinary action if an investigation reveals fiscal misconduct.
  • The Department of Public Safety is responsible for:
    1. Conducting a preliminary assessment of an incident where sufficient facts or evidence are apparent and, if in fact criminal actions have occurred, conducting an investigation based on the determination; and
    2. Coordinating legal actions with the Office of General Counsel, the Office of Human Resources, and external law enforcement agencies.
  • The University Controller serves as a resource to the Team and is responsible for:
    1. Providing policy interpretation as required as well as necessary financial information and documentation; and
    2. Working with the affected units to implement the necessary management and internal controls to change and improve the business practices which permitted the fiscal misconduct.

Anonymous Reporting Mechanism:

An anonymous and confidential Ethics And Compliance Reporting System (EARS) has been established for individuals to report fiscal misconduct so that appropriate action can be taken to resolve the issue.  Brown University has contracted with EthicsPoint, an outside provider to receive reports regarding concerns on fiscal misconduct.  The reporting line is both web [www.Brown.ethicspoint.com] and toll-free telephone based [877-318-9184] to provide options for reporting 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.  If an employee is reporting an allegation or concern in good faith, there will be no retaliation or punishment.   

The EARS is not meant to replace or supersede reporting methods which already exist on campus; rather, it serves as an additional reporting method for Accounting and Finance matters, Information and Technology matters, Research matters, and Risk and Safety matters.  Reporters are encouraged to consult with University resources such as a supervisor, Dean/Director, etc. as appropriate.  Reporters should contact EARS if the appropriate University resources do not adequately address their concerns and they believe the matter may involve fiscal misconduct, or if they wish to make a report anonymously.  

We expect that reports will be made in a good faith effort to address legitimate issues needing correction, or to otherwise provide reliable information.

Fiscal Misconduct Frequently Asked Questions

revised 8/20/10