Population and Development: New Approaches to Enduring Global Problems

With the world’s population officially surpassing 7 billion, this institute will address the crucial and interlinked issues of population and development, particularly as they affect people in the Global South. What are the most significant population issues in the 21st century? How do population dynamics and the policies designed to address them contribute to or detract from equitable development? How can theories and methods in the social sciences contribute to understanding the relationship between population and development, and how can this scholarship contribute to better policies and programs? Participants will engage with cutting-edge theory, innovative and tested research methods, and first-rate scholarship upon which to build their own research programs.

Convening Faculty

Daniel Jordan Smith
Associate Professor of Anthropology

Daniel Jordan Smith received a PhD in anthropology from Emory University and an MPH from Johns Hopkins University. Smith conducts research in medical anthropology, anthropological demography, and political anthropology in sub-Saharan Africa, with a specific focus on Nigeria. His research in medical and demographic anthropology includes work on HIV/AIDS, reproductive health and behavior, adolescent sexuality, marriage, kinship, and rural-urban migration. His work on political culture in Nigeria includes studies of patron-clientism, Pentecostal Christianity, vigilantism, and corruption. He is the author of A Culture of Corruption: Everyday Deception and Popular Discontent in Nigeria (2007) and co-author of The Secret: Love, Marriage, and HIV (2009).

Bianca Dahl
PSTC Research Affiliate, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of Toronto 

Bianca Dahl is a cultural and medical anthropologist who received her PhD in Comparative Human Development from the University of Chicago. Dahl's work explores the social effects of international humanitarian organizations' efforts to provide aid during Africa's HIV pandemic. Her book manuscript illuminates the effects of orphan-care policies and aid NGOs on families and children in Botswana. Dahl’s current research explores how HIV treatment and prevention successes affect levels of social stigma in rural Botswana. 
She has worked on issues related to religion, witchcraft, internal migration, gender/sexuality, and children’s rights. Dahl's research is situated at the interstices of medical anthropology, anthropological demography, global health, and the interdisciplinary study of international development and humanitarianism.

Visiting Faculty

Wendy Baldwin
President/CEO, Population Reference Bureau 

Wendy Baldwin received her PhD in sociology and demography from the University of Kentucky. She has published dozens of research articles in journals and edited volumes on topics related to adolescent sexual health, adolescent contraceptive use, and women and HIV/AIDS. Prior to becoming president of the Population Reference Bureau, Baldwin served as vice president and director of the Population Council's Poverty, Gender, and Youth program, working with country directors and professional staff to implement research to improve the future of young people. Before joining the Population Council, Baldwin was executive vice president for research at the University of Kentucky, and worked at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, where she served as deputy director and led the development of programs on adolescent childbearing and sexual behavior and AIDS risk behaviors.

Melani Cammett 
Associate Professor of Political Science, Brown University

Melani Cammett is Associate Professor of Political Science, the Dupee Faculty Fellow at the Watson Institute, and a faculty associate at the Population Studies and Training Center at Brown University. She specializes in the political economy of development and the Middle East. Cammett's first book, Globalization and Business Politics in North Africa: A Comparative Perspective (Cambridge, 2007) examines how global economic integration affects state-business relations and industrial development, focusing on Morocco and Tunisia. Her second book, Compassionate Communalism: Welfare and Sectarianism in Lebanon (Cornell, 2014), explores how sectarian organizations allocate social welfare goods, based on extensive research in Lebanon with additional case studies in Iraq and India. An article based on this research won the 2011 Alexander L. George Award of the Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research Section of the American Political Science Association. Cammett's forthcoming co-edited book, The Politics of Non-State Social Welfare in the Global South (Cornell University Press, 2014), examines the political consequences of non-state welfare provision in diverse regions. Her current research focuses on public and social goods provision by Islamists and other types of public and private actors in several Middle Eastern countries. Cammett holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley and a MA from the Fletcher School at Tufts University.

Tim Dyson
Professor of Population Studies, The London School of Economics and Political Science

Tim Dyson has worked at LSE since 1980. He was educated in England and Canada and has held visiting positions at the Australian National University in Canberra, the International Institute of Population Sciences in Mumbai, and the American University of Beirut. In 1994-96 he was President of the British Society for Population Studies; in 1997 he addressed the Oxford Farming Conference; and in 2001 he was elected as a Fellow of the British Academy. Professor Dyson has a wide array of academic interests, including demographic time series, interactions between populations and their food supplies, global food prospects, past, present and future population of the Indian subcontinent, climate change and world energy, causal relations in social science, the causes and consequences of famines, urban growth and urbanization, mortality trends in Iraq, HIV/AIDS, and demographic change and democratization.

Parfait Eloundou Enyegue
Associate Professor of Development Sociology, Cornell University 

Parfait Eloundou-Enyegue’s research program advances knowledge in the field of development sociology through substantive and methodological contributions in three areas, including the sociology of education, social change, and the demography of inequality. Eloundou-Enyegue’s most recent work investigates the consequences of demographic change on a range of socioeconomic outcomes that include schooling, gender, and income inequality. In this research, he extends existing theoretical arguments (e.g. dilution, dividends) and methodological approaches (e.g. decomposition analysis). His empirical research combines national statistics and panel survey data. With support from the Hewlett Foundation and the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Eloundou-Enyegue has built an outreach program supporting institutions that conduct demographic research and policy analysis throughout Francophone Africa. He received his MSc and PhD from the Pennsylvania State University.

Alex Ezeh
Executive Director of the African Population and Health Research Center

Alex C. Ezeh is the Executive Director of the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), a research center based in Nairobi, Kenya. After receiving his MA and PhD in demography from the University of Pennsylvania and his MSc in Sociology from the University of Ibadan, he joined APHRC in 1998 (then a program of the Population Council in Nairobi) as a Senior Research Fellow. In 2000, he was appointed APHRC's Interim Director and charged with the responsibility of leading its transition into an autonomous institution. Having successfully led this transition, he was appointed APHRC's Executive Director in 2001, and has steered the young institution to phenomenal growth to date. Prior to joining APHRC, Ezeh worked at ORC/Macro International where he provided technical assistance to governmental and non-governmental institutions in several African countries in the design and conduct of Demographic and Health Surveys. Ezeh directs the Consortium for Advanced Research and Training in Africa (CARTA) and holds an honorary professorship at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa. He serves on the boards and committees of several international public health organizations. Ezeh’s numerous scientific publications cover a broad range of fields including population and reproductive health, urban health, health metrics, and education.

Andrew Foster
Director of Population Studies and Training Center, Professor of Economics and Community Health, Brown University

Andrew Foster received his PhD in Economics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1988. He is an empirical microeconomist with interests in the areas of population, environment, development, and health. Foster’s recent work has examined economic growth in rural India, exploring such issues as growth in the non-farm economy, the effects of local democratization, groundwater usage and the green revolution, forest cover, household structure, inequality, and schooling. He also explores the effects of recent changes in air quality in Delhi, and has worked in Bangladesh on aging, migration, child growth, and women’s health. Foster has a series of projects with colleagues in the Center for Gerontology examining the market for nursing home care. He has been the Director of Brown’s Population Studies and Training Center since 2011.

Rachel Franklin
Assistant Professor of Population Studies, Brown University

Rachel Franklin is a population geographer whose research focuses on regional changes in population composition and the causes/impacts of those changes, with a particular emphasis on explanations of fertility and mobility variations across space. She received her PhD in Geography from the University of Arizona, and before coming to Brown was a senior lecturer at the University of Maryland’s School of Public Policy. Methodologies used in her research typically include spatial regression modeling, regional analytical tools, and GIS. Franklin’s recent work has addressed the relationship between population structure and carbon emissions in the U.S. Another strand of research examines the relationship between local population composition and diversity in American higher education institutions. She also has worked on fertility adjustments in Italy.

Silvia Giorguli 
Director, El Colegio de Mexico

Silvia Giorguli received her PhD in Sociology from Brown University in 2002, focusing her work on transitions from school to work, educational outcomes and household arrangements in Mexico. Giorguli has taught at the Colegio de México, Universidad Autónoma de México, and the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México. Her research interests include adolescents and transitions to adulthood, international migration on both sides of the US-Mexico border and its impacts on dimensions like education and family formation, and the effects of demographic change in Mexico. She uses both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and her work has explored a range of questions associated with circular and return migration. Giorguli has directed the Center for Demographic, Urban, and Environmental Studies since 2009, and is currently also the President of the Mexican Society of Demography.

Elizabeth Hartmann
Director of Population and Development Program, Professor of Development Studies, Hampshire College 

Betsy Hartmann received her BA in South Asian Studies from Yale University and her PhD in Development Studies from the London School of Economics. She is a longstanding activist in the international women’s health movement. Her research and teaching focus on the intersections between reproductive rights, population, migration, environment and security issues. She speaks and publishes in activist, policy, and scholarly venues. Hartmann is the author of several books, includingReproductive Rights and Wrongs: The Global Politics of Population Control. She is the co-author of A Quiet Violence: View from a Bangladesh Village and co-editor of the recent anthology Making Threats: Biofears and Environmental Anxieties. Her political thrillers include Deadly Election and The Truth about Fire, a political thriller about the Far Right. She is currently working on the implications for international development, reproductive health, and immigration policy of framing climate change as an issue of overpopulation and national security threat.

Randall Kuhn
Associate Professor, Director of Global Health Affairs Program, University of Denver

Randall Kuhn’s work brings a wide array of methods and data sources to bear on the connections between health, population, and development. He is a Research Associate of the Institute of Behavioral Science and the Center for Asian Studies at University of Colorado-Boulder, and is co-principal investigator of numerous NIH and NSF-funded studies including studies of the long-term effects of health and development interventions in rural Bangladesh, children’s wellbeing, migrant health across nations, and factors associated with societal resilience in the wake of the Sri Lankan tsunami. After receiving his MA and PhD from the University of Pennsylvania, Kuhn served as Assistant Director of the Population Aging Center at UC-Boulder and Post-Doctoral Fellow and Consultant at the RAND Labor and Population Program. His research interests involve migration, mortality, and health; social, political and ecological determinants of health; impact evaluation; health forecasting; social and kinship networks, health-development relationships; global health diplomacy; intergenerational transfers; homelessness; and HIV/AIDS. Kuhn’s methodological expertise includes demographic analysis, social statistics, health measurement, longitudinal analysis, cluster and propensity score analysis. Key innovations in linking qualitative and quantitative data, bridging macro- and micro-level analysis, on natural experimental research design, and innovative uses of vital registration and administrative data sources.

Lori Leonard
Associate Professor of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University

Lori Leonard is working on a long-term study of an oil pipeline project in Chad that was originally intended to double as a poverty reduction project. Using qualitative and ethnographic research methods, she has followed 80 households in the oilfield region for more than a decade, and is currently writing about the strategies and tactics they use to remake their lives and livelihoods as their land is expropriated. Leonard also studies clinical care practices and public health interventions around the AIDS epidemic in the US. She has worked with a group of young women living with HIV in the Bronx, Chicago, New Orleans, and Miami, interviewing them over a three-year period to look at the role of the clinic and therapeutic interventions in their lives. She has explored changes in clinical routines and practices after clinical practice guidelines came out calling for routine HIV screening in the US. Leonard is interested in the differential distribution of screening and other interventions and their implications for self-identity, stigma, self-care, and young people’s sense of their place in the world.

Glenn Loury 
Professor of Economics, Brown University 

Glenn Loury is a distinguished academic economist who has contributed to a variety of areas in applied microeconomic theory, welfare economics, game theory, industrial organization, natural resource economics, and the economics of income distribution. He has published extensively on racial inequalities in America, with a recent focus on incarceration and American social values. He is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship and a Carnegie Scholarship to support his work. He has been elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Fellow of the Econometric Society, and Vice President of the American Economics Association. In addition to this scholarly work, Loury is also a prominent social critic and public intellectual. His over 200 essays and reviews on racial inequality and social policy have appeared in dozens of influential journals of public affairs in the U.S. and abroad. He previously taught at Harvard, Northwestern, and Boston Universities, and the University of Michigan. Loury received his PhD in Economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and his BA in Mathematics from Northwestern.

Steve McGarvey
Professor of Anthropology and Epidemiology, Brown University

Steve McGarvey earned a PhD in Anthropology from Pennsylvania State University in 1980, and an MPH in Epidemiology from Yale University. McGarvey is concerned with issues of human population biology and international health, specifically modernization-related induced socio-economic and behavioral changes, genetic and environmental influences on obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors, tropical parasitology and child nutritional status and health, and environmental issues. His research involves developing-world countries such as Samoa, the Philippines, and Ghana. McGarvey is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and serves on the editorial board of the American Journal of Human Biology.

Arland Thornton 
Research Professor at the Population Studies Center, Professor of Sociology, University of Michigan 

Arland Thornton is a social demographer who has served as president of the Population Association of America and holds a MERIT award from the National Institutes of Health. For much of his career, Thornton has focused on the study of family and demographic issues, with a particular emphasis on marriage, cohabitation, divorce, childbearing, intergenerational relations, and gender roles. He has received four awards for his books as well as a distinguished career award from the American Sociological Association. During the past decade Thornton has devoted considerable time and energy studying developmental idealism and its influence in many areas of the world. His 2001 presidential address to the Population Association of America focused on this topic, as does his award-winning book, Reading History Sideways: the Fallacy and Enduring Impact of the Developmental Paradigm on Family Life. Of particular importance for Thornton’s current work are the ways in which values, beliefs, and people have been and are being distributed around the world. His work (in collaboration with others) has involved conceptualization, measurement, and analysis of data from several countries, including Albania, Argentina, Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Malawi, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, the U.S., and Vietnam.

David Weil
Professor of Economics, Brown University

David Weil received his PhD in Economics from Harvard University and has been a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research since 1997. Weil has written widely on various aspects of economic growth, including seminal work on the empirical determinants of income differences among countries, the accumulation of physical capital, international technology transfer, and population growth. In addition to his work in economic growth and demographic economics,Weil has also written on assorted topics including population aging, the creation of the Social Security system in the United States, optimal portfolio allocation, the gender wage gap, retirement, and various aspects of monetary policy including the relation between demographics and house prices. His current work examines how differences in health contribute to income gaps among countries. He recently published an undergraduate textbook on economic growth. 

Michael White
Professor of Sociology, Brown University

Michael White’s areas of interest span demography and urban sociology with a particular interest in topics pertinent to public policy, such as US immigration policy, and the implications of migration for health in developing countries. He received his PhD in Sociology from the University of Chicago, and held positions at Princeton University and the Urban Institute prior to coming to Brown. Much of White’s research is unified by a concern for population distribution and migration: processes of movement, settlement, and adjustment. He takes this interest to a wide variety of geographic settings, looking at urbanization in China and Vietnam; urban growth, health and environmental change in Africa; and international migration to high-income countries. White is past Director of Brown’s Population Studies and Training Center and remains a faculty affiliate of the Center.