Faculty Profile: Rosemarie Bigsby, SCD
Rosemarie Bigsby, SCD
Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Work: +1 401-274-1122-x8908
Dr. Bigsby's research focuses on the actions and facial expressions used by infants to signal their wants and needs to caregivers, and the relation between these behaviors and regulation of physiologic functions such as heart-rate and oxygen saturation. Other research interests include feeding issues of early infancy, and the relation between early motor development and maternal life style.
Research DescriptionResearch involvement and publications reflect a long-standing interest in motor behavior of premature and other high-risk infants, particularly with regard to development of self-regulatory and feeding competencies and positive interaction with caregivers. An initial study of the presence of the aymmetrical tonic neck reflex, the attributes of stimulus objects and related patterns of reaching among preterm and full-term infants formed the foundation for a dynamical systems approach to development which could be woven into her clinical approach to infants at risk. For her doctoral dissertation work, Dr. Bigsby further explored dynamical processes by investigating the relation between motor behaviors and physiologic regulation among previously sick preterm and healthy term infants at 3 months corrected age. This work was continued within the clinical context of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as a pilot project studying these same motor behaviors in the sick preterm population, and their relation to physiologic stability and positioning practices, through coding of videotaped observations of the infants before, during and after nursing care. She has coauthored a textbook on NICU interventions (Developmental and Therapeutic Interventions in the NICU - Brookes Publishing). Currently, she is collaborating with other NICU professionals on proposals to study the impact of the NICU environment on infant and caregiver behavior and development.
She is the coauthor of a tool for assessment of fine and gross motor development of high risk infants during the first year of life (Posture and Fine Motor Assessment of Infants (PFMAI) Psychological Corp/Pearson), which involved Rasch analysis for scaling of items and forming criterion for norm referencing. She has acted as a consultant and trainer for the infant motor assessments used in the multi-site NIH funded "Maternal Lifestyles Study", including the PFMAI and the Peabody Scales of Motor Development, to demonstrate subtle differences between infants who have been exposed to illegal substances in-utero and those who have not. She also has participated in the development of clinical applications for the Neonatal Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS). Dr. Bigsby has mentored graduate students in their study of preterm infant behavior, and the relation between infant sensory and feeding issues, and is currently working with a multi-disciplinary group of professionals in the NICU to develop a questionnaire for a study identifying feeding-related behavioral indicators of gastro-esophageal reflux in preterm infants in the NICU.
Grants and AwardsUndergraduate: Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI; Honors College Undergraduate Assistantship in Anthropology, Occupational Therapy Department Senior Scholarship, 1973.
Graduate: Maternal and Child Health Traineeships to Support Doctoral and Advanced Master Level Studies, Sargent College of Allied Health Professions, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Maternal and Child Health Services, 1979-1980 and 1987 - 1993
Post Graduate: Roster of Fellows of The American Occupational Therapy Association (F.A.O.T.A.); "For advancing occupational therapy with infants and children", June, 1993
AOTA Service Commendation, January 3, 2007: "The effort, time and expertise you share on behalf of the profession and occupational therapy is exemplary; and your commitment serves as a model for others to become involved and share AOTA's vision for the occupational therapy profession."
AffiliationsMember, NICU Task Force, American Occupational Therapy Association, 1999 to present
Manuscript Reviewer, American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1995 to present
Proposal Reviewer, AOTA National Conference 1988 to present
Resource Person in Sensory Integration, AOTA, Sensory Integration Special Interest Section, 1992 to present
Resource Person in Pediatrics, AOTA Practice Division, 1994 to present
Member, Faculty Advisory Board, New England Institute of Technology Master of Science Program in Occupational Therapy, 2009 to present; Program for Occupational Therapy Assistants, 1996 to 2009.
Member, Advisory Board, Rhode Island Association for Infant Mental Health, 2004/2005
Rhode Island Committee for Comprehensive System of Personnel Development for Early Intervention, Pre-service Education Committee, 1992 to 1999
Member, Professional Advisory Committee, Visiting Nurses Association, Inc., Providence, R.I., 1985 to 2001
Representative for State of Rhode Island on AOTA Representative Assembly, 1986-1992; Service Award, The American Occupational Therapy Association, April, 1992
Alternate Representative for RI, AOTA, 1985-1986
Chair, R.I. Pediatric Special Interest Section of AOTA, 1985-1988
Member, Executive Board, Rhode Island Occupational Therapy Association, 1985-1992
Board of Directors, Thumb Area Easter Seal Society, Port Huron, MI 1976-1978
Funded ResearchResearch Grant #399469, 1995-1996, $5000.00, Reliability and Validity of the Posture and Fine Motor Assessment of Infants, Parts I and II. American Occupational Therapy Foundation, Co-Principal Investigator.
Research Grant #4680-105, 1992 - 1993, $1000.00; Motor Behaviors as Cues to Cardiorespiratory Response in Preterm Infants. American Occupational Therapy Foundation, Principal Investigator.
- 8. Bigsby, R. (2010). Fueling development by enhancing infant-caregiver relationships: Transformation in the developmental therapies. In B.M. Lester, & J.Sparrow (Eds.) Nurturing Children and Families: Building on the Legacy of T.Berry Brazelton. (pp. 219-280). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. (2010)
- 13. Bigsby, R. & Lee, YJ. (2010). Neonatal screening and supportive interventions to promote neurobehavioral development. Medicine & Health/Rhode Island, 93, 5, 139-141. (2010)
- 12. Vergara, E., Anzalone, M; Bigsby, R;, Gorga, D.; Holloway, E.; Hunter, J.; Laadt, G.; Strzyzewski, S. (2006). Specialized knowledge and skills for occupational therapy practice in the neonatal intensive care unit. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 60, 6, 659-668. (2006)
- 11. Miller-Loncar, C., Lester, B. M., Seifer, R., Lagasse, L. L., Bauer, C. R., Shankaran, S., Bada, H. S., Wright, L. L., Smeriglio, V. L., Bigsby, R., & Liu, J. (2005). Predictors of motor development in children prenatally exposed to cocaine. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 27, (2), 213- 220. (2005)
- 10. Miller-Loncar, C., Bigsby, R., High, P., Wallach, M, & Lester, B.M. (2005). Infant colic and feeding difficulties. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, 908-912. (2005)
- 6. Vergara, E., & Bigsby, R. (2004). Developmental and Therapeutic Interventions in the NICU. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes. (Second Printing, January 2007). (2004)
- 8. Boukydis CFZ, Bigsby R, Lester BM. (2004). Clinical Use of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale. In: Lester, BM & Tronick, EZ (Eds), The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS). Pediatrics, 113. (3), 679-689. (2004)
- 9. DeSantis, A., Coster, W., Bigsby, R., & Lester, B.M. (2004). Colic and fussing in infancy, and sensory processing at 3 to 8 years of age. Infant Mental Health Journal, 25, (6), 522-539. (2004)
- 7. Bigsby, R., Boukydis CFZ, LaGasse, L.L., Lester BM. (2004). Clinical Applications for the NNNS. In: Lester, BM & Tronick, EZ (Eds), NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale Manual. (pp. 85-182). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes. (2004)
- 5. Bigsby, R. (2003). Overview of infant and child developmental models. In, E. B. Crepeau, E. S. Cohn & B. A. B. Schell (Eds.) Willard and Spackman's Occupational Therapy (10th ed., pp. 243-245), Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. (2003)
- 7. Grenier, I.R ., Bigsby, R., Vergara, E. R, & Lester, B. M. (2003). Comparison of motor self-regulatory and stress behaviors of preterm infants across body positions. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 57, (3) 289-297. (2003)
- 4. Case-Smith, J., & Bigsby, R. (2001). Motor assessment. In L. T. Singer & P. S. Zeskind (Eds.), Biobehavioral Assessment of the Infant (pp. 423-442). NY: The Guilford Press. (2001)
- 6. Gorga, D., Anzalone, M., Holloway, E., Bigsby, R., Hunter, J., Strzyzewski, S., Vergara, E. (2000). Specialized knowledge and skills for occupational therapy practice in the neonatal intensive care unit. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 54, (6), 641-648. (2000)
- 3. Case-Smith, J., & Bigsby, R. (2000). Posture and Fine Motor Assessment of Infants. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation/Harcourt Assessment Co. (2000)
- 2. Vohr, B. R., Cashore, W. J., Bigsby, R. (1999). Stresses and interventions in the neonatal intensive care unit. In M. D. Levine, W. B. Carey, & A. C. Crocker (Eds). Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, 3rd Edition (pp. 263-275). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co. (1999)
- 1. Bigsby, R. (1998). Overview of infant and child developmental models. In M. Neistadt, & E. Crepeau (Eds.) Willard and Spackman's Occupational Therapy, 9th Edition, (pp. 543-545). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. (1998)
- 5. Lester, B. M., LaGasse, L. L., & Bigsby, R. (1998). Prenatal cocaine exposure and child development: What do we know and what do we do? Seminars in Speech and Language, 19 (2), 123-146. (1998)
- 4. Case-Smith, J., Bigsby, R., & Clutter, J. (1998). Perceptual motor coupling in the development of grasp. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 52 (2), 102-110. (1998)
- 3. Meyer, E. C., Lester, B. M., Boukydis, C. F. Z., & Bigsby, R. (1998). Family-based intervention with high-risk infants and their families. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings; 5 (1),49-69. (1998)
- 2. Bigsby, R., Coster, W., Lester, B. M., Peucker, M. R. (1996). Motor behavioral cues of term and preterm infants at three months. Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 295-307. (1996)
- 1. Bigsby, R. (1983). Reaching and asymmetrical tonic neck reflex in preterm and full-term infants. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 3, (4), 25-42. (1983)
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