Faculty Profile: James Linakis, MD, PHD

James Linakis
James Linakis, MD, PHD
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Emergency Medicine
Work: +1 401-444-6680
The long-term goal of the present research program is to enhance the
utilization of evidence-based injury prevention strategies and to
encourage medical practitioners to disseminate focused information
regarding injury prevention in the Pediatric Emergency Department (ED).

Biography

James Linakis is currently Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics at Brown Medical School and Associate Director of Pediatric Emergency Medicine at Rhode Island Hospital's Hasbro Children's Hospital. He attended University of Oregon Health Sciences Center where he received a PhD in Medical Biopsychology and Yale University School of Medicine where he received his medical degree. Dr. Linakis completed a residency in Pediatrics at Yale-New Haven Hospital and a combined fellowship in Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Toxicology at Children's Hospital in Boston. He has conducted research in the areas of toxicology and injury prevention and in healthcare delivery.

Institutions

Rih

Research Description

The long-term goal of the present research program is to enhance the utilization of evidence-based injury prevention strategies and to encourage medical practitioners to disseminate focused information regarding injury prevention in the Pediatric Emergency Department (ED). The proposed research plan: (1) examines the efficacy of a Brief Motivational Intervention to enhance automobile safety restraint-specific injury prevention behaviors in parents/caregivers of younger children; (2) examines the efficacy of focused, behavior-specific, injury prevention discharge instruction supplements (Enhanced Standard Care) in increasing safety restraint-specific injury prevention behaviors in parents/caregivers of younger children; and (3) examines the impact of assignment to participation in a car-seat distribution and education program on safety restraint practices in parents/caregivers of younger children. We will conduct a randomized, controlled trial of parent/caregivers of children being evaluated in the Children's Hospital Emergency Department. Eligible, consenting participants will be screened with an injury assessment tool for inappropriate use of motor vehicle child safety restraints. High risk participants will be randomized into three intervention groups: Standard Care (SC), Enhanced Standard Care (ESC) and Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI). All participants will then be contacted three months following enrollment and surveyed regarding child safety restraint practices, attitudes, and knowledge. The following main effects will be evaluated with relation to child safety restraint practice and attitude change: (1) Intervention (SC vs. ESC vs. BMI); and (2) Injury status of child (injured vs. non-injured). In addition, we will monitor re-injury rates of the index children of all enrolled parent/caregivers for one year from the time of enrollment and compare on the bases of the above main effects. This study examines the Pediatric Emergency Department as a location for increasing safe car seat practices by parents who are not restraining their children appropriately in motor vehicles. Three different interventions will be tested to determine their effectiveness in increasing safe car seat practices.

Grants and Awards

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation Summer Research Fellowship for Medical Students, Yale University School of Medicine, 1981

Morris Y. Krosnick, M.D., Pediatric Housestaff Award, Department of Pediatrics, Yale—New Haven Hospital, 1987

American Academy of Clinical Toxicology Research Award, 1988.

Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Award for Best Pediatric Acute Care and Trauma Research Presentation, 1989

Rhode Island Hospital Pediatric Housestaff Teaching Award, 1990

Pediatric Housestaff, Divisional Teaching Award, Hasbro Children's Hospital/Brown Medical School, 1998, 1999, 2000

Affiliations

Fellow, American Academy of Pediatrics; Member, Sections on
Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Clinical Pharmacology

Member, Ambulatory Pediatric Association, 1995-present

Member, Society for Pediatric Research, 1995-present

Member, Rhode Island Medical Society, 2000-present

Member, American Pediatric Society, 2003-present

Funded Research

American Academy of Toxicology, "Use of Kayexalate to Increase Lithium Clearance: An Animal Model", 1989, $1000, Principal Investigator: James G. Linakis, Ph.D., M.D.

Gustavus and Louise Pfeiffer Research Foundation, "Reduction of Lithium Toxicity by Decreasing its Absorption or Enhancing its Elimination with Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate", 1991-1992, $27,350, Principal Investigator: James G. Linakis, Ph.D., M.D.

American Heart Association Affiliate Grant-in-Aid, "Ontogeny of Cardiac Reperfusion Injury Following Ischemic Insult: Role of Sarcolemmal Ion Exchangers", 1999-2001, $75,484, Principal Investigator: James G. Linakis, Ph.D., M.D.

Rhode Island Mental Health, State Incentive Grant, "Substance Abuse Prevention", 2004-2006, $160,000, Principal Investigator: Lynne Palmisciano, M.D., Co-Investigator: James G. Linakis, Ph.D., M.D.

"Prospective Epidemiologic Study of the Severity of Bronchiolitis in Infants Treated in Urgent/Emergent and Hospital Settings", contract with Merck, Co., Inc. 2004-2005, $38,000; Site Principal Investigator: Dale W. Steele, M.D., Co-Investigator: James G. Linakis, Ph.D., M.D.