Faculty Profile: Osvaldo Sala, PhD

Osvaldo Sala
Osvaldo Sala, PhD
Adjunct Professor of Biology
Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Work: +1 401-863-7793
As a Professor, I am interested in the interactions between teaching and research, and I focus on ecological issues ranging from the ecology of desert ecosystems to global environmental scenarios. I study the responses of ecosystems to expected global change using large-scale manipulative experiments and simulation modeling.

Biography

The Sala lab has moved to Arizona State University
http://sala.lab.asu.edu/

Research Description

Osvaldo Sala's research page.

My interests in ecology span from the arid ecosystems of Patagonia to global change issues with a focus on ecosystem-level questions including primary production, ecosystem-water dynamics, and most recently, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. I am using a diverse set of tools in pursuing those interests ranging from field manipulations to ecosystem simulation models. I am also interested in coordinating international research projects. For example, I led an international group who developed scenarios for biodiversity change in the next century. I have been a member of the scientific steering committee of International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, the Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems where I led Focus 4 Biodiversity and Global Change, and DIVERSITAS. I also served as president of the Argentinean Society of Ecology. Currently, I am the Secretary General of Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE). I enjoy collaborating with colleagues and have had co-authors from many countries including the US, UK, Germany, France, Australia, China, Japan, India, Canada, Mexico, Chile, and Venezuela.

Grants and Awards

2009 American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow
2004 Andrew D. White Professor-at-Large, Cornell University
2003 American Academy of Arts and Sciences, USA, Elected Member
2003 National Academy of Physical and Natural Sciences, Buenos Aires, Elected Member
2002 National Academy of Sciences, Córdoba, Argentina, Elected Member
1993 Guggenheim Fellow
2003 Bernardo Houssay award for scientific accomplishments, Argentina
1987 Bernardo Houssay award for scientific accomplishments, Argentina

Affiliations

Current
• Jury of Ramon Margalef Prize, Barcelona, Spain, 2008-
• Advisor, National Science Foundation, Environmental Research and Education, 2007
• Scientific Advisory Board, SARAS (South American Institute for Resilience and Sustainability Studies) 2007-
• Rhode Island, Ocean Special Area Management Plan, Science and Engineering Advisory Task Force, 2008-
• Scientific Advisory Board, SCOPE Biofuels Project, 2007-

Previous
* Member, Global Agenda Council, World Economic Forum, 2008-09
* President, SCOPE, Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, 2005-09
* External Evaluation CREAF, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Spain, 2008.
* Member, Science Council, The Nature Conservancy, 2005-07
* Secretary General, SCOPE, Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, 2001-05
* Editorial Board of Climate Research, Inter Research, 1992-05
* Editor of Global Change Biology, Blackwell Scientific, 2003-05
* Editorial Board of Ecosystems, Springer Verlag, 1997-2004
* Editorial Board of Oecologia, Springer Verlag, 1994-2004
* Member at large Governing Board of the Ecological Society of America, 2002-04
* Chair of "Red LatinoAmericana de Botánica"2001-2004
* Scientific Committee for the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), 1994-1996
* Scientific Steering committee of Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE), a core project of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme, 1991-1999
* Leader, Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE). Focus 4, Global Change and Ecological Complexity, 1994-1999
* Steering committee of America's Interhemisphere Geo-Biosphere Organization (AMIGO) 1991-1995
* Scientific Advisory Committee of the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Soils and Sediment, a program of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE), 1995-1999
* Scientific Advisory Committee of Diversitas, An International Programme of Biodiversity Science, IUBS, SCOPE, UNESCO, ICSU, IGBP-GCTE, and IUMS, 1995- 2001
* Scientific Steering Committee of SCOPE, Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, 1998-2001
* Scientific Steering Committee of "Red LatinoAmericana de Botánica"1999-2001
* Biology Panel, National Research Council of Argentina, 1989-1992
* Vice-President Ecological Society of Argentina, 1991-1993
* President Ecological Society of Argentina, 1997-1999 and 1999-2001
* Editorial Board of Vegetatio, Kluwer academic publishers, 1990-1996
* Editorial Board of Global Change Biology, Blackwell Scientific, 1994-2003

Funded Research

2009-12 Precipitation Controls of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles in Arid-Semiarid Ecosystems US National Science Foundation, $799,439
2009-10 Vegetation structure constraints on ANPP in arid ecosystems: assessing the meristem limitation hypothesis US National Science Foundation, $14,804
2004-07 Global change and the carbon cycle in arid and semiarid ecosystems: Experiments in the Patagonian steppe. University of Buenos Aires
2004-07 Spatial and temporal controls of carbon cycling in arid and semiarid ecosystems PICT, Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
2002-04 Ecophysiological consequences of infrequent massive flowering of monocarpic bamboo grasses (Chusquea spp) in temperate and tropical South America US National Science Foundation
2001-02 Biodiversity effect on ecosystem functioning: Diversity of species, functional groups, patches, and resources. University of Buenos Aires
2000-03 Global change effects on primary production in arid ecosystems: The Patagonian steppe as a model ecosystem. PICT, Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
1999-06 The role of biodiversity and climate in the functioning of ecosystems: A comparative study of grasslands, savannas, and forests. InterAmerican Institute for Global Change Research
1998-01 Ecosystem responses to stratospheric ozone reduction in southernmost South America. US National Science Foundation
1998-00 Biodiversity effects on the functioning of ecosystems: Experiments and models at two scales in the Patagonian steppe. UBA
1998-00 The effect of global change on the functioning of the Patagonian steppe ecosystem. Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
1998-01 Management technology to increase production and decrease erosion in grasslands and steppes. Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
1997-01 Production and decomposition controls in the Patagonian steppe. CONICET
1997 Global Change Effects on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Manipulation of a Keystone Process. InterAmerican Institute for Global Change Research
1996 Workshop "Biodiversity Scenarios" at UC Santa Barbara, California, USA. June 1996. InterAmerican Institute for Global Change Research and National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis UC Santa Barbara
1995 Workshop "Global Change and Ecological Complexity" Cedar Creek, Minnesota, USA, September1995. Electric Power Research Institute and International Geosphere Biosphere Programme
1995 Workshop "Global Change Impacts on Latin American Terrestrial Ecosystems and Feedbacks to the Globe" Buenos Aires March 1995. Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research
1995-98 Ecosystem Responses to Stratospheric Ozone Reduction in Southernmost South America, US National Science Foundation
1994-97 Seasonal dynamics of primary production, UBA
1994-97 The role of small rainfall events on nitrogen mineralization, UBA
1994-97 Constraints on Production and Decomposition in Temperate Semiarid Grasslands, US National Science Foundation
1992-95 Sustainability of natural and cultivated systems Inter American Development Bank- CONICET
1991-93 Environmental and management effects on plant available water in the Patagonian steppe, UBA
1991-93 Nutrient partitioning between shrubs and grasses in the Patagonian steppe, UBA
1991-93 Cyclical dynamics of vegetation patches in the Patagonian steppe, UBA
1991 Argentina-Chile scientific collaborative award. Fundación Antorchas
1991 Competition and facilitation between grasses and shrubs Fundación Antorchas
1989-93 Resource partitioning among grasses and shrubs in semi-arid regions, CONICET
1989-93 Cyclical succession in the Patagonian steppe. CONICET
1988-89 Water dynamics in the Patagonian steppe: A simulation modeling approach UBA
1988-89 Water partitioning among grasses and shrubs in the Patagonian arid steppe, UBA
1987-88 Grass-shrub interactions in two semi-arid regions, US National Science Foundation
1985-88 The effect of defoliation on the community dynamics of a grassland of the Flooding Pampas. CONICET
1985-88 Resource partitioning among life forms of the arid steppes. CONICET
1983-84 Resource partitioning among life forms in Southern Patagonia. UBA
1983-84 Convergence in the partitioning of resources among functional types in two semiarid regions, US National Science Foundation-CONICET

Teaching Experience

Human Impacts on Ecosystem Functioning, BIOL 1490
The objective of this course is to explore our current understanding of how humans are impacting the functioning of ecosystems. The two primary drivers of ecosystem change are growth of the human population and increased consumption per capita. These drivers affect the Earth's cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and water, as well as regional and global-scale changes in biodiversity and climate. The course includes an in-depth discussion of scenarios for next 50 and 100 years, which articulate costs and benefits of alternative development pathways in terms of climate change, food production, clean water and biodiversity. Scenarios of change in biodiversity lead to the topic of the consequences of biodiversity change for the functioning of ecosystems from the point of view of their productivity and stability. Human activities have disrupted several biogeochemical cycles including nitrogen and carbon cycles. The course discusses alterations and interactions among major biogeochemical cycles.
Basic understanding of human impacts on ecosystem functioning are complemented with discussions of potential applied solutions to environmental problems. The course includes classes on alternative biofuels and their impacts on the environment encompassing their effects from greenhouse emissions to nitrogen pollution and biodiversity loss. The course also discusses issues of land-use change and agricultural expansion from the points of view of their socio-economic determinants and the consequences for the environment.
The course includes a variety of approaches from lectures and discussions to student presentations and a field trip. Participation of students is welcome at all times. In addition, discussion sections and student presentations encourage an active role and critical thinking by students.

Topics in Conservation Science, BIOL1940
This course explores our current understanding in conservation science, which ranges from the biology of invasive and threatened species to management and policy options. Climate change is threatening numerous species as the climatic conditions where species have lived and evolved are migrating pole ward. As a consequence, humans are moving species to potential new habitats where species would have a better chance at surviving. The course discusses the biological, technical and ethical implications of this managed relocation.
The link between science and policy is critical to achieve sustainability and students here discuss policy issues related to conservation. The course discusses legislation relevant to conservation that is currently being developed in Congress and its scientific underpinnings.
Biofuel production has increased dramatically in the last 5 years in the US and globally driven by climate change concerns, national security and rural development. The course discusses different biofuel options and their impact on biodiversity, nitrogen pollution and greenhouse emissions.

Courses Taught

  • Biodiversity (BIOL2430)
  • Human Impacts on Ecosystem Functioning (BIOL 1490)
  • Topics in Conservation Science (BIOL1940)

Selected Publications

  • Meyerson, F. A. B., L. A. Meyerson, C. Parmesan, and O. E. Sala. 2009. Human health, biodiversity and ecosystem services: the intertwined challenging future. Pages 281-285 in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington, DC. (2009)
  • Meyerson, L. A., O. E. Sala, A. Froment, C. Friedman, K. Hund-Rinke, P. Martens, A. Mazumder, A. Purohit, M. Thomas, and A. Wilby. 2009. Sustainable allocation of biodiversity to improve human health and well-being. Pages 83-98 in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington DC. (2009)
  • Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan. 2009. Changes in biodiversity and their consequences for human health. Pages 1-12 in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington DC. (2009)
  • Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2009. Cover is a good predictor of aboveground biomass in arid systems. Journal of Arid Environments 73: 597-598. (2009)
  • Ojima, D., C. Field, P. Leadley, O. E. Sala, D. Messem, J. Petersen, J. Born, L. VanWey, and M. Wright. 2009. Mitigation Strategies: Biofuel Development Considerations to Minimize Impacts on the Socio-Environmental System. Pages 287-302 in R. W. Howarth and S. Bringezu, editors. Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. (2009)
  • Howarth, R. W., S. Bringezu, L. Martinelli, R. Santoro, D. Messem, and O. E. Sala. 2009. Introduction: Biofuels and the Environment in the 21st Century. Pages 15-36 in R. W. Howarth and S. Bringezu, editors. Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. (2009)
  • Sala, O. E., D. Sax, and H. Leslie. 2009. Biodiversity Consequences of Increased Biofuel production. Pages 127-137 in R. W. Howarth and S. Bringezu, editors. Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University Press. (2009)
  • Marchesini, V. A., O. E. Sala, and A. T. Austin. 2009. Ecological consequences of a massive flowering event of bamboo (Chusquea culeou) in a temperate forest of Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science 20:424-432. (2009)
  • Golluscio, R. A., A. Austin, G. C. García Martínez, M. Gonzalez-Polo, O. E. Sala, and R. B. Jackson. 2009. Sheep grazing decreases organic carbon and nitrogen pools in the Patagonian steppe: combination of direct and indirect effects. Ecosystems 12:686-697. (2009)
  • Zaller, J. G., Caldwell MM, Flint SD, Ballaré C, Scopel A, and O. E. Sala. 2009. Solar UV-B and warming affect decomposition and earthworms in a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Global Change Biology 15:2493-2502. (2009)
  • Downs, M., and O. E. Sala. 2009. Grasslands. Pages 614-618 in S. A. Levin, editor. The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton.   (2009)
  • Richardson, D. M., J. Hellmann, J. McLachlan, D. Sax, M. Schwartz, J. Brennan, P. Gonzalez, T. Root, O. E. Sala, S. Schneider, D. Ashe, A. Camacho, J. Rappaport Clark, R. Early, J. Etterson, D. Fielder, J. Gill, B. Minteer, S. Polasky, H. Safford, A. Thompson, and M. Vellend. 2009. Multidimensional evaluation of managed relocation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106: 9721-9724. (2009)
  • Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. 2009. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington, DC. (2009)
  • Richardson, D. M., J. Hellmann, J. McLachlan, D. Sax, M. Schwartz, J. Brennan, P. Gonzalez, T. Root, O. E. Sala, S. Schneider, D. Ashe, A. Camacho, J. Rappaport Clark, R. Early, J. Etterson, D. Fielder, J. Gill, B. Minteer, S. Polasky, H. Safford, A. Thompson, and M. Vellend. 2009. Multidimensional evaluation of managed relocation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106: 9721-9724. (2009)
  • Meyerson, L. A., O. E. Sala, A. Froment, C. Friedman, K. Hund-Rinke, P. Martens, A. Mazumder, A. Purohit, M. Thomas, and A. Wilby. 2009. Sustainable allocation of biodiversity to improve human health and well-being. Pages 83-98 in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington DC. (2009)
  • Cipriotti, P. A., P. Flombaum, O. E. Sala, and M. Aguiar. 2008. Does drought control emergence and survival of grass seedlings in semi-arid rangelands? An example with a Patagonian species. Journal Arid Environments 72:162-174. [Full Text PDF] (2008)
  • Meyerson, F. A. B., L. A. Meyerson, C. Parmesan, and O. E. Sala. 2008. Human health, biodiversity and ecosystem services: the intertwined challenging future. in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington, DC. In press. (2008)
  • Flombaum, P., and O. E. Sala. 2008. Higher effect of plant species diversity on productivity in natural than artificial ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105: 6087-6090. [Full text pdf] (2008)
  • Armas, C., F.I. Pugnaire, and O.E. Sala. 2008. Patch structure dynamics and mechanisms of cyclical succession in a Patagonian steppe (Argentina). Journal of Arid Environments 72:1552-1561 (2008)
  • Yahdjian, L. and O.E. Sala. 2008. Climate Change Impacts on South American Rangelands. Rangelands. [Full text pdf] (2008)
  • Lauenroth, W. K., D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. Burke, and J. A. Morgan. 2008. Net Primary Production in the Shortgrass Steppe. Pages 270-305 in W. K. Lauenroth and I. Burke, editors. Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe. Oxford University Press, Oxford. (2008)
  • Melillo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 2008. Ecosystem Services. Pages 75-115 in E. Chivian and A. Bernstein, editors. Sustaining Life: How Human Health Depends on Biodiversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford. (2008)
  • Downs, M., and O. E. Sala. 2008. Grasslands Ecosystem Services. in S. A. Levin, editor. The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton. In Press. (2008)
  • Cid, M. S., C. M. Ferri, M. A. Brizuela, and O. E. Sala. Structural heterogeneity and productivity of a tall fescue pasture grazed rotationally by cattle at four stocking densities. Grassland Science [Full Text PDF] (2008)
  • Knapp, A. K., J. M. Briggs, D. L. Childers, and O. E. Sala. 2007. Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Production in Grassland and Herbaceous Dominated Ecosystems. Pages 27-48 in T. J. Fahey and A. K. Knapp, editors. Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production. Oxford University Press, Oxford. (2007)
  • Flombaum, P., and O. E. Sala. 2007. A non-destructive and rapid method to estimate biomass and aboveground net primary production in arid environments. Journal Arid Environments 69:352-358. [Full text PDF] (2007)
  • Yahdjian, L., and O. E. Sala. 2007. Do litter decomposition and nitrogen mineralization show the same trend in the response to dry and wet years in the Patagonian steppe? Journal Arid Environments. [Full Text PDF] (2007)
  • Peters, D., O. Sala, C. Allen, A. Covich, and M. Brunson. 2007. Cascading events in linked ecological and socio-economic systems: Predicting change in an uncertain world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(4):221-224. [Full Text PDF] (2007)
  • Yahdjian, L., O. E. Sala, and A. T. Austin. 2006. Differential controls of water input on litter decomposition and nitrogen dynamics in the Patagonian Steppe. Ecosystems 9:128-141 [Full PDF Text] (2006)
  • Crisci, J., O.E. Sala, L. Katinas, P. Posadas. 2006. Bridging historical and ecological approaches in biogeography. Australian Systematic Botany 19:1-10. [Full PDF Text] (2006)
  • Austin, A. T., O.E. Sala, and R. B. Jackson. 2006. Inhibition of nitrification alters carbon turnover in the Patagonian steppe. Ecosystems 9:1257–1265. [Full Text PDF] (2006)
  • Sala, O.E. and R. B. Jackson. 2006. Determinants of biodiversity change: Ecological tools for building scenarios. Ecology: 87: 1875-1876 [Full PDF Text] (2006)
  • Chapin, F. S., G. M. Woodwell, J. T. Randerson, E. B. Rastetter, G. M. Lovett, D. D. Baldocchi, D. A. Clark, M. E. Harmon, D. S. Schimel, R. Valentini, C. Wirth, J. D. Aber, J. J. Cole, M. L. Goulden, J. W. Harden, M. Heimann, R. W. Howarth, P. A. Matson, A. D. McGuire, J. M. Melillo, H. A. Mooney, J. C. Neff, R. A. Houghton, M. L. Pace, M. G. Ryan, S. W. Running, O. E. Sala, W. H. Schlesinger, and E.-D. Schulze. 2006. Reconciling Carbon-Cycle Concepts, Terminology, and Methods. Ecosystems 9:1041–1050. [Full Text PDF] (2006)
  • Yahdjian, L. and O.E. Sala. 2006. Vegetation structure constrains primary production response to increased water availability in the Patagonian steppe of Argentina. Ecology 87:952-962 [Full PDF Text] (2006)
  • Knapp, A. K., J. M. Briggs, D. L. Childers, and O. E. Sala. 2006. Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Production in Grassland and Herbaceous Dominated Ecosystems. in T. J. Fahey and A. K. Knapp, editors. Principles and Standards for Measuring Net Primary Production in Long-Term Ecological Studies. Oxford University Press, Oxford. (2006)
  • van Vuuren, D.P., O.E. Sala and H.M. Pereira. 2006. The future of vascular plant diversity under four global scenarios. Ecology and Society 11(2):25. [Full Text PDF] (2006)
  • Alcamo, J., D. Van Vuuren, and C. Ringler. 2005. Methodology for Devoloping the MA Scenarios. Pages 145-172 in S. R. Carpenter, P. Pingali, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek, editors. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press, Washington, DC. [Full PDF Text] (2005)
  • Cumming, G. S., J. Alcamo, O. E. Sala, R. Swart, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek. 2005. Are existing global scenarios consistent with ecological feedbacks? Ecosystems 8: 143-152 [Full PDF Text] (2005)
  • Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2005. Plant traits and ecosystem grazing effects: Comparison of U.S. sagebrush steppe and Patagonian steppe. Ecological Applications 15:774-792. [Full PDF Text] (2005)
  • Meyerson, L. A., J. Baron, J. M. Melillo, R. J. Naiman, R. I. O'Malley, G. Orians, M. A. Palmer, A. S. P. Pfaff, S. W. Running, and O. E. Sala. 2005. Aggregate measures of ecosystem services: can we take the pulse of nature? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3:56-59 [Full PDF Text] (2005)
  • Kareiva, P., J. B. R. Agard, J. Alder, E. M. Bennett, C. Butler, S. R. Carpenter, W. Cheung, G. S. Cumming, R. Defries, B. de Vries, R. E. Dickinson, A. Dobson, J. Foley, J. Geoghegan, B. Holland, P. Kabat, J. Keymer, A. Kleidon, D. Lodge, S. Manson, J. McGlade, H. Mooney, A. Parma, M. Pascual, H. Pereira, M. Rosegrant, C. Ringler, O. E. Sala, B. L. Turner, D. van Vuuren, D. H. Wall, P. Wilkinson, and V. Wolters. 2005. State of the Art in Simulating Future Changes in Ecosystem Services. Pages 71-115 in S. R. Carpenter, P. Pingali, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek, editors. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press, Washington DC. [Full PDF Text] (2005)
  • Sala, O. E., D. van Vuuren, H. Pereira, D. Lodge, J. Alder, G. S. Cumming, A. Dobson, V. Wolters, and M. Xenopoulos. 2005. Biodiversity across Scenarios. Pages 375-408 in S. R. Carpenter, P. L. Pingali, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek, editors. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press, Washington DC. [Full PDF Text] (2005)
  • Schwinning, S., O. E. Sala, M. Loik, and J. Ehleringer. 2004. Thresholds, memory, and seasonality: understanding pulse dynamics in arid/semiarid ecosystems. Oecologia 141: 191-193 [Full PDF Text] (2004)
  • Lauenroth, W. K., H. E. Epstein, J. M. Paruelo, I. C. Burke, M. R. Aguiar, and O. E. Sala. 2004. Potential effects of climate change on the temperate zones of North and South America. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 77:439-453 (2004)
  • Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, W. K. Lauenroth, O. E. Sala, and I. C. Burke. 2004. Functional traits of graminoids in semi-arid steppes: a test of grazing histories. Journal of Applied Ecology 41:653-663 [Full PDF Text] (2004)
  • Zaller, J. G., P. S. Searles, M. M. Caldwell, S. D. Flint, A. L. Scopel, and O. E. Sala. 2004. Growth responses to ultraviolet-B radiation of two Carex species dominating an Argentinean fen ecosystem. Basic and Applied Ecology 5: 153-162. [Full PDF Text] (2004)
  • Robson, T. M., V. A. Pancotto, C. L. Ballaré, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel, and M. M. Caldwell. 2004. Reduction of solar UV-B mediates changes in the Sphagnum capitulum microenvironment and the peatland microfungal community. Oecologia 140:480-490 [Full PDF Text] (2004)
  • Schwinning, S., and O. E. Sala. 2004. Hierarchy of responses to resource pulses in arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Oecologia 141: 211-220[Full PDF Text] (2004)
  • Huxman, T. E., M. D. Smith, P. A. Fay, A. K. Knapp, M. R. Shaw, M. E. Loik, S. D. Smith, D. T. Tissue, J. C. Zak, J. F. Weltzin, W. T. Pockman, O. E. Sala, B. Haddad, J. Harte, G. W. Koch, S. Schwinning, E. E. Small, and D. G. Williams. 2004. Convergence across biomes to a common rain-use efficiency. Nature 429:651-654 [Full PDF Text] (2004)
  • Giordano, C. V., T. Mori, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel, M. M. Caldwell, and C. L. Ballaré. 2003. Functional acclimation to solar UV-B radiation in Gunnera magellanica, a native plant species of southernmost Patagonia. Plant Cell and Environment 26: 2027-2036 [Full PDF Text] (2003)
  • Zaller, J. G., P. S. Searles, M. C. Rousseaux, S. D. Flint, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala, C. L. Ballaré, and A. L. Scopel. 2003. Solar ultraviolet-B radiation can affect slug-feeding preference for some plant species native to a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Plant Ecology. 169: 43-51. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2003)
  • Pancotto, V. A., O. E. Sala, M. Cabello, N. I. López, T. M. Robson, C. L. Ballare, M. M. Caldwell, and A. L. Scopel. 2003. Solar UV-B decreases decomposition in herbaceous plant litter in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina: Potential role of an altered decomposer community. Global Change Biology. 9: 1465-1474. [Full PDF Text] (2003)
  • Sala, O. E. 2003. (Almost) All About Biodiversity. Science. 299:1521-1521 [Full PDF Text] (2003)
  • Robson, T. M., V. A. Pancotto, S. D. Flint, C. L. Ballaré, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel, and M. M. Caldwell. 2003. Six years of solar UV-B manipulations affect growth of Sphagnum and vascular plants in a Tierra del Fuego peatland. New Phytologist 160: 379-389.[Full PDF Text] (2003)
  • López, N. I., A. T. Austin, O. E. Sala, and B. S. Méndez. 2003. Controls on nitrification in a water-limited ecosystem: experimental inhibition of ammonia-oxidising bacteria in the Patagonian steppe. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35: 1609-1613. [Full PDF Text] (2003)
  • Ollinger, S., O. E. Sala, G. Agren, B. Berg, E. Davidson, C. B. Field, M. Lerdau, J. Neff, M. Scholes, and R. Sterner. 2003. New frontiers in the study of element interactions. Pages 63-91 In J. M. Melillo, C. B. Field, and B. Moldan, editors. Interactions of the major biogeochemical cycles: Global change and human impacts. Island Press, Washington, DC. [Full PDF Text] (2003)
  • Yahdjian, L., and O. E. Sala. 2002. A rainout shelter design for intercepting different amounts of rainfall. Oecologia. 133:95-101. [Full PDF Text] (2002)
  • Zaller, J. G., M. M. Caldwell, S. D. Flint, A. L. Scopel, O. E. Sala, and C. L. Ballaré. 2002. Solar UV-B radiation affects below-ground parameters in a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina: implications of stratospheric ozone depletion. Global Change Biology. 8: 867-871. [Full PDF Text] (2002)
  • Folgarait, P. J., and O. E. Sala. 2002. Granivory rates by rodents, insects, and birds at different microsites in the Patagonian steppe. Ecography. 25: 417-427.[Full PDF Text] (2002)
  • Jobbágy, E., O. E. Sala, and J. M. Paruelo. 2002. Patterns and controls of primary production in the Patagonian steppe: a remote sensing approach. Ecology. 83:307-319. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2002)
  • Austin, A. T., and O. E. Sala. 2002. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics across a natural precipitation gradient in Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science. 13: 351-360.[Full PDF Text] (2002)
  • Loreau, M., A. Downing, M. Emmerson, A. Gonzalez, J. Hughes, P. Inchausti, J. Joshi, J. Norberg, and O. E. Sala. 2002. A new look at the relationship between diversity and stability. Pages 79-91. In M. Loreau, S. Naeem, and P. Inchausti, editors. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: synthesis and perspectives. Oxford University Press, Oxford. [Full PDF Text] (2002)
  • Veron, S. R., J. M. Paruelo, O.E. Sala, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2002. Environmental controls of primary production in agricultural systems of the Argentine Pampas. Ecosystems. 5: 625-635.[Full PDF Text] (2002)
  • Paruelo, J. M., E. G. Jobbágy, and O. E. Sala. 2001. Current distribution of ecosystem functional types in temperate South America. Ecosystems 4:683-698 [Full PDF Text] (2001)
  • Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin, and E. Huber-Sannwald. 2001. Potential biodiversity change: global patterns and biome comparisons. Pages 351-367 in F. S. Chapin, O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald, editors. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer Verlag, New York. [Full PDF Text] (2001)
  • Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald. 2001. The future of biodiversity in a changing world. Pages 1-4 in F. S. Chapin, O. E. Sala, and E. Huber Sannwald, editors. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer Verlag, New York. [Full PDF Text] (2001)
  • Sala, O. E. 2001. Productivity of temperate grasslands. Pages 285-300 in J. Roy, B. Saugier, and H. A. Mooney, editors. Terrestrial Global Productivity. Academic Press, San Diego. [Full PDF Text] (2001)
  • Oesterheld, M., J. Loreti, M. Semmartin, and O. E. Sala. 2001. Inter-annual variation in primary production of a semi-arid grassland related to previous-year production. Journal of Vegetation Science 12:137-142. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2001)
  • Sala, O. E. 2001. Price put on biodiversity. Nature 412:34-36. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2001)
  • Sala, O. E., A. T. Austin, and L. Vivanco. 2001. Temperate grassland and shrubland ecosystems. Pages 627-635 in S. Levin, editor. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Academic Press, San Diego. [Full PDF Text] (2001)
  • Rousseaux, M. C., A. L. Scopel, P. S. Searles, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala, and C. L. Ballaré. 2001. Responses to solar ultraviolet-B radiation in a shrub-dominated natural ecosystem of Tierra del Fuego (southern Argentina). Global Change Biology 7:467-478. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2001)
  • Clark, J. S., S. R. Carpenter, M. Barber, S. Collins, A. Dobson, J. Foley, D. Lodge, M. Pascual, R. Pielke, W. Pizer, C. Pringle, W. V. Reid, K. A. Rose, O. E. Sala, W. Schlesinger, D. H. Wall, and D. Wear. 2001. Ecological Forecasts: an Emerging Imperative. Science 293:657-660. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2001)
  • Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald, editors. 2001. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag, New York. (2001)
  • Sala, O. E. 2001. Temperate Grasslands. Pages 121-137 in F. S. Chapin, O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald, editors. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer Verlag, New York. [Full PDF Text] (2001)
  • Loreti, J., M. Oesterheld, and O. E. Sala. 2001. Lack of intraspecific variation in resistance to defoliation in a grass that evolved under light grazing pressure. Plant Ecology 157:195-202.[Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2001)
  • Ballaré, C. L., M. C. Rousseaux, P. S. Searles, J. G. Zaller, C. V. Giordano, T. M. Robson, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala, and A. L. Scopel. 2001. Impacts of solar ultraviolet-B radiation on terrestrial ecosystems of Tierra del Fuego (southern Argentina). Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology 62:67-77. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2001)
  • Paruelo, J. M., O. E. Sala, and A. B. Beltrán. 2000. Long term dynamics of water and carbon in semi-arid ecosystems: A gradient analysis in the Patagonian Steppe. Plant Ecology 150:133-143. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2000)
  • Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth, editors. 2000. Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag, New York. (2000)
  • Jobbágy, E., and O. E. Sala. 2000. Controls of grass and shrub aboveground production in the Patagonian steppe. Ecological Applications 10:541-549. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2000)
  • Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin, J. J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber- Sanwald, L. F. Huenneke, R. B. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. M. Lodge, H. A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N. L. Poff, M. T. Sykes, B. H. Walker, M. Walker, and D. H. Wall. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287:1770-1774. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2000)
  • Chapin, F. S., E. S. Zavaleta, V. T. Eviner, R. L. Naylor, P. M. Vitousek, H. L. Reynolds, D. U. Hooper, S. Lavorel, O. E. Sala, S. E. Hobbie, M. C. Mack, and S. Diaz. 2000. Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature 405:234-242. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2000)
  • Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth. 2000. Methods in ecosystem science: progress, tradeoffs, and limitations. Pages 1-3 in O. E. Sala, R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth, editors. Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag, New York. [Full PDF Text] (2000)
  • Jackson, R. B., H. J. Schenk, E. G. Jobbágy, J. Canadell, G. D. Colello, R. E. Dickinson, C. B. Field, P. Friedlingstein, M. Heimann, K. Hibbard, D. W. Kicklighter, A. Kleidon, R. P. Neilson, W. J. Parton, O. E. Sala, and M. T. Sykes. 2000. Belowground consequences of vegetation change and their treatment in models. Ecological Applications 10:470-483. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2000)
  • Sala, O. E., and A. T. Austin. 2000. Methods of estimating aboveground net primary production. Pages 31-43 in O. E. Sala, R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth, editors. Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag, New York. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (2000)
  • Wolters, V., W. L. Silver, D. E. Bignell, D. C. Coleman, P. Lavelle, W. van der Putten, P. de Ruiter, J. Rusek, D. H. Wall, D. A. Wardle, L. Brussaard, J. M. Dangerfield, V. K. Brown, K. Giller, D. U. Hooper, O. E. Sala, J. Tiedje, and J. A. van Veen. 2000. Effects of global changes on above and belowground biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems: implications for ecosystem functioning. BioScience 50:1089-1098. [Full PDF Text] (2000)
  • Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin III, R. H. Gardner, W. K. Lauenroth, H. A. Mooney, and P. S. Ramakrishnan. 1999. Global change, biodiversity and ecological complexity. Pages 304-328 in B. H. Walker, W. L. Steffen, J. Canadell, and J. S. I. Ingram, editors. The Terrestrial Biosphere and Global Change: Implications for Natural and Managed Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [Full PDF Text] (1999)
  • Paruelo, J., W. K. Lauenroth, I. Burke, and O. E. Sala. 1999. Grassland precipitation-use efficiency varies across a resource gradient. Ecosystems 2:64-68. [Full PDF Text] (1999)
  • Austin, A. T., and O. E. Sala., 1999. Foliar d15N is negatively correlated with ranfall along the IGBP transect in Australia. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 26:293-295. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (1999)
  • Aguiar, M., and O. E. Sala. 1999. Patch structure, dynamics, and implications for the functioning of arid ecosystems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14:273-277. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (1999)
  • Schulze, E., M. Caldwell, J. Canadell, H. A. Mooney, R. B. Jackson, D. Parson, R. Scholes, O. E. Sala, and P. Trimborn. 1998. Downward flux of water through roots (i.e. inverse hydraulic lift) in dry Kalahari sands. Oecologia 115:460-462. [Full PDF Text] (1998)
  • Chapin, F. S. I., O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, J. P. Grime, D. U. Hooper, W. K. Lauenroth, A. Lombard, H. A. Mooney, A. R. Mosier, S. Naeem, S. W. Pacala, J. Roy, W. Steffen, and D. Tilman. 1998. Ecosystem consequences of changing biodiversity. BioScience 48: 45-52. [Full PDF Text] (1998)
  • Golluscio, R., O. E. Sala, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Differential use of large summer rainfall events by shrubs and grasses: a manipulative experiment in the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia 115:17-25. [Full PDF Text] (1998)
  • Jackson, R. B., O. E. Sala, J. M. Paruelo, and H. A. Mooney. 1998. Ecosystem water fluxes for two grasslands in elevated CO2: a modeling analysis. Oecologia 113:537-546. [Full PDF Text] (1998)
  • Paruelo, J., E. Jobbágy, O. E. Sala, W. K. Lauenroth, and I. Burke. 1998. Functional and structural convergence of temperate grassland and shrubland ecosystems. Ecological Applications 8:194-206. [Full PDF Text] (1998)
  • Aguiar, M., and O. E. Sala. 1998. Interactions among grasses, shrubs, and herbivores in Patagonian grass-shrub steppes. Ecología Austral 8:201-210.[Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (1998)
  • Paruelo, J., A. Beltrán, E. Jobbágy, O. E. Sala, and R. Golluscio. 1998. The climate of Patagonia: general patterns amd controls on biotic processes. Ecología Austral 8:85-101. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (1998)
  • Paruelo, J., E. Jobbágy, and O. E. Sala. 1998. Biozones of Patagonia (Argentina). Ecología Austral 8:145-153. [Full PDF Text] [Abstract] (1998)
  • Chapin, F. S., B. H. Walker, R. J. Hobbs, D. U. Hooper, J. H. Lawton, O. E. Sala, and D. Tilman. 1997. Biotic controls over the functioning of ecosystems. Science 277: 500-504. [Full PDF Text] (1997)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and R. A. Golluscio. 1997. Plant functional types in temperate semi-arid regions. Pages 217-233 in T. M. Smith, H. H. Shugart, and F. I. Woodward, editors. Plant Functional Types. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.[Full PDF Text] (1997)
  • Sala, O. E., and J. M. Paruelo. 1997. Ecosystem services in grasslands. Pages 237-252 in G. C. Daily, editor. Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D.C. [Full PDF Text] (1997)
  • Aguiar, M. R., and O. E. Sala. 1997. Seed distribution constrains the dynamics of the Patagonian steppe. Ecology 78:93-100. [Full PDF Text] (1997)
  • Melillo, J. M., I. C. Prentice, G. D. Farquhar, E. D. Schulze, and O. E. Sala. 1996. Terrestrial biotic responses to environmental change and feedbacks to climate. Pages 444-481 in J. T. Houghton, L. G. Meira Filho, B. A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskells, editors. Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1996)
  • Schulze, E. D., H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, E. Jobbágy, N. Buchmann, G. Bauer, J. Canadell, R. B. Jackson, J. Loreti, M. Oesterheld, and J. R. Ehleringer. 1996. Rooting depth, water availability, and vegetation cover along an aridity gradient in Patagonia. Oecologia 108: 503-511. [Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Jackson, R. B., J. Canadell, J. R. Ehleringer, H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze. 1996. A global analysis of root distributions for terrestrial biomes. Oecologia 108:389-411. [Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, Editors. 1996. Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester. (1996)
  • Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze. 1996. Introduction. Pages 1-6 in H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, editors. Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester.[Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze. 1996. Conclusions. Pages 475-484 in H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, editors. Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester.[Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, S. J. McNaughton, G. Rusch, and X. Zhang. 1996. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in grasslands. Pages 129-149 in H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, editors. Functional Role of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester.[Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Sala, O. E., and M. R. Aguiar. 1996. Origin, maintenance, and ecosystem effect of vegetation patches in arid lands. Pages 29-32 in N. West, editor. Rangelands in a Sustainable Biosphere. Society for Range Management, Denver. [Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 1996. Carbon budgets of temperate grasslands and the effects of global change. Pages 101-119 in A. Breymeyer, D. O. Hall, J. M. Melillo, and G. I. Agren, editors. Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, New York. [Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Sala, O. E. 1996. Global change and ecological complexity. Pages 341-345 in B. Walker, and W. Steffen, editors. Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.[Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Canadell, J., R. B. Jackson, J. R. Ehleringer, H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze. 1996. Maximum rooting depth of vegetation types at the global scale. Oecologia 108: 583-606. [Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Aguiar, M. R., J. M. Paruelo, O. E. Sala, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. Ecosystem responses to changes in plant functional type composition: an example from the Patagonian steppe. Journal of Vegetation Science 7:381-390. [Full PDF Text] (1996)
  • Paruelo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 1995. Water losses in the Patagonian steppe: a modelling approach. Ecology 76: 510-520. [Full PDF Text] (1995)
  • Mooney, H. A., J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: ecosystem analyses, section 6. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Conclusions. Pages 446-452 in H. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Ecosystem analyses. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Jackson, R. B., Y. Luo, Z. G. Cardon, O. E. Sala, C. B. Field, and H. A. Mooney. 1995. Photosynthesis, growth and density for the dominant species in a CO2-enriched grassland. Journal of Biogeography. 22:221-225. [Full PDF Text] (1995)
  • Paruelo, J. M., W. K. Lauenroth, H. E. Epstein, I. C. Burke, M. R. Aguiar, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Regional climatic similarities in the temperate zones of North and South America. Journal of Biogeography. 22:2689-2699. [Full PDF Text] (1995)
  • Parton, W., J. Scurlock, D. Ojima, D. Schimel, D. Hall, M. Coughenour, E. Garcia Moya, T. Gilmanov, A. Kamnalrut, J. Kinyamario, T. Kirchner, T. Kittel, J. Menaut, O. E. Sala, R. Scholes, and J. van Veen. 1995. Impact of climate change on grassland production and soil carbon worldwide. Global Change Biology 1:13-22. [Full PDF Text] (1995)
  • Sala, O. E. 1995. Human-induced perturbations, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Pages 318-323 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo and O. E. Sala, editors. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, S. J. McNaughton, G. Rusch, and X. Zhang. 1995. Temperate grasslands. Pages 361-366 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo and O. E. Sala, editors. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Introduction. Pages 281-282 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Basic Principles. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Conclusions. Pages 323-325 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Basic Principles. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Introduction. Page 335 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Ecosystem Analyses. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Oesterheld, M., and O. E. Sala. 1995. Modelos ecológicos tradicionales y actuales para interpretar la dinámica de la vegetación: el caso del pastizal de la Pampa Deprimida. Revista Argentina de Producción Animal 14:9-14. (1995)
  • Mooney, H. A., J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: basic principles, section 5. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (1995)
  • Soriano, A., O. E. Sala, and S. B. Perelman. 1994. Patch structure and dynamics of a Patagonian steppe. Vegetatio 111:127-135. [Full PDF Text] (1994)
  • Jackson, R. B., O. E. Sala, C. B. Field, and H. A. Mooney. 1994. CO2 alters water use, carbon gain, and yield for the dominant species in a natural grassland. Oecologia 98: 257-262. [Full PDF Text] (1994)
  • Lauenroth, W. K., O. E. Sala, D. P. Coffin, and T. B. Kirchner. 1994. Recruitment of Bouteloua gracilis in the shortgrass steppe: a simulation analysis of the role of soil water. Ecological Applications 4: 741-749. [Full PDF Text] (1994)
  • Golluscio, R. A., P. A. Roset, O. E. Sala, and J. M. Paruelo. 1994. Modelos en ecología. Ecología Austral 4:123-132. [Full PDF Text] (1994)
  • Aguiar, M. R., and O. E. Sala. 1994. Competition, facilitation, seed distribution, and the origin of patches in a Patagonian steppe. Oikos 70: 26-34.[Full PDF Text] (1994)
  • Mooney, H. A., and O. E. Sala. 1993. Science and sustainable use. Ecological Applications 3:564-566. [Full PDF Text] (1993)
  • Paruelo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 1993. The effect of global change on maize production in the Argentinean pampas. Climate Research 3:161-167.[Full PDF Text] (1993)
  • McNaughton, S. J., O. E. Sala, and M. Oesterheld. 1993. Comparative ecology of African and South American arid to subhumid ecosystems. Pages 548-567 in P. Goldblatt, editor. Biological Relationships between Africa and South America. Yale University Press, New Haven. [Full PDF Text] (1993)
  • Golluscio, R. A., and O. E. Sala. 1993. Plant functional types and ecological strategies in Patagonian forbs. Journal of Vegetation Science 4:839-846.[Full PDF Text] (1993)
  • Sala, O. E. 1992. Structure and function. Pages 387-395 in A. Soriano (editors) Río de la Plata Grasslands. In R.T. Coupland, editor. Ecosystems of the World, Volume 8A, Natural Grasslands. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam. [Full PDF Text] (1992)
  • Lauenroth, W. K., and O. E. Sala. 1992. Long term forage production of North American shortgrass steppe. Ecological Applications 2:397-403. [Full PDF Text] (1992)
  • Oesterheld, M., O. E. Sala, and S. J. McNaughton. 1992. The effect of animal husbandry on herbivore-carrying capacity at a regional scale. Nature 356:234-236. [Full PDF Text] (1992)
  • Aguiar, M. R., A. Soriano, and O. E. Sala. 1992. Competition and facilitation in the recruitment of grass seedlings in Patagonia. Functional Ecology 6:66-70. [Full PDF Text] (1992)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth and W. J. Parton. 1992. Long term soil water dynamics of the shortgrass steppe. Ecology 73:1175-1181. [Full PDF Text] (1992)
  • Sala, O. E. 1992. Achieving a sustainable biosphere: an international endeavour. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7:324-325. [Full PDF Text] (1992)
  • Biondini, M. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and O. E. Sala. 1991. Correcting estimates of net primary production: are we overestimating plant production in rangelands? Journal of Range Management 44:194-198. [Full PDF Text] (1991)
  • Fernández, R. J., O. E. Sala, and R. A. Golluscio. 1991. Woody and herbaceous aboveground production of a Patagonian steppe. Journal of Range Management 44:434-437. [Full PDF Text] (1991)
  • Huntley, B. J., E. Ezcurra, E. R. Fuentes, K. Fujii, P. J. Grubb, W. Haber, J. R. E. Harger, M. M. Holland, S. A. Levin, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, V. Neronov, I. Noble, H. R. Pulliam, P. S. Ramakrishnan, P. G. Risser, O. E. Sala, J. Sarukhan, and W. G. Sombroek. 1991. A sustainable biosphere: the global imperative. Ecology International 20:1-14. [Full PDF Text] (1991)
  • Paruelo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 1990. Characterization of the floods in the Flooding Pampa (Buenos Aires, Argentina): water table dynamics. Turrialba 40:5-11. [Full PDF Text] (1990)
  • Oesterheld, M., and O. E. Sala. 1990. Grazing effect upon seedling establishment: the role of seed and safe-site availability. Journal of Vegetation Science 1:353-358. [Full PDF Text] (1990)
  • Sala, O. E., M. E. Biondini, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1989. Bias in estimates of primary production: an analytical solution. Ecological Modelling 44:43-55. [Full PDF Text] (1989)
  • Sala, O. E., R. A. Golluscio, W. K. Lauenroth and A. Soriano. 1989. Resource partitioning between shrubs and grasses in the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia (Berl) 81:501-505. [Full PDF Text] (1989)
  • Sala, O. E. 1988. The effect of herbivory on vegetation structure. Pages 317-330 in M. J. A. Werger, P. J. M. van der Aart, H. J. During, and J. T. A. Verhoeven, editors. Plant Form and Vegetation Structure: Adaptation, Plasticity, and Relation to Herbivory . SPB Academic Publishing bv, The Hague, The Netherlands. [Full PDF Text] (1988)
  • Milchunas, D. G., O. E. Sala, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1988. A generalized model of the effects of grazing by large herbivores on grassland community structure. American Naturalist 132:87-106.[Full PDF Text] (1988)
  • Sala, O. E., W. J. Parton, L. A. Joyce, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1988. Primary production of the central grassland region of the United States: spatial pattern and major controls. Ecology 69:40-45. [Full PDF Text] (1988)
  • Senft, R. L., M. B. Coughenour, D. W. Bailey, L. R. Rittenhouse, O. E. Sala, and D. M. Swift. 1987. Large herbivore foraging and ecological hierarchies. BioScience 37:789-799. [Full PDF Text] (1987)
  • Lauenroth, W. K., O. E. Sala, D. G. Milchunas, and R. W. Lathrop. 1987. Root dynamics of Bouteloua gracilis during short-term recovery from drought. Functional Ecology 1:117-124. [Full PDF Text] (1987)
  • Sala, O. E. 1986. The energy analysis of food production systems and the role of animal production: a review. Turrialba 36:91-97. [Full PDF Text] (1986)
  • Sala, O. E., M. Oesterheld, R. J. C. León, and A. Soriano. 1986. Grazing effect upon plant community structure in subhumid grasslands of Argentina. Vegetatio 67:27-32. [Full PDF Text] (1986)
  • Soriano, A., and O. E. Sala. 1986. Emergence and survival of Bromus setifolius seedlings in different microsites of the Patagonian arid steppe. Israel Journal of Botany 35:91-100. [Full PDF Text] (1986)
  • Sala, O. E., and W. K. Lauenroth. 1985. Root profiles and the ecological effect of light rainshowers in arid and semiarid regions. American Midland Naturalist 114:406-408. [Full PDF Text] (1985)
  • Soriano, A., and O. E. Sala. 1983. Ecological strategies in a Patagonian arid steppe. Vegetatio 56:9-15. [Full PDF Text] (1983)
  • Cauhépé, M., R. J. C. León, O. E. Sala, and A. Soriano. 1982. Pastizales naturales y pasturas cultivadas, dos sistemas complementarios y no opuestos. Revista Facultad de Agronomía 3:1-11. (1982)
  • Pancotto, V. A., O. E. Sala, T. M. Robson, M. M. Caldwell, and A. L. Scopel. 2005. Direct and indirect effects of solar ultraviolet-B radiation on long-term decomposition. Global Change Biology 11: 1982-1989 [Full PDF Text]. (1982)
  • Sala, O. E., and W. K. Lauenroth. 1982. Small rainfall events: an ecological role in semiarid regions. Oecologia 53:301-304. [Full PDF Text] (1982)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and C. P. P. Reid. 1982. Water relations: a new dimension for niche separation between Bouteloua gracilis and Agropyron smithii in North American semiarid grasslands. Journal of Applied Ecology 19:647-657. [Full PDF Text] (1982)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and W. J. Parton. 1982. Plant recovery following prolonged drought in a shortgrass steppe. Agricultural Meteorology 27:49-58. [Full PDF Text] (1982)
  • Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, W. J. Parton, and M. J. Trlica. 1981. Water status of soil and vegetation in a shortgrass steppe. Oecologia (Berl.) 48:327-331. [Full PDF Text] (1981)
  • Sala, O. E., A. Soriano, and S. Perelman. 1981. Water relations of the major components of a grassland in the Salado River Basin. Revista Facultad de Agronomía 2:1-10. [Full PDF Text] (1981)
  • Sala, O. E., V. A. Deregibus, T. Schlichter, and H. Alippe. 1981. Productivity dynamics of a native temperate grassland in Argentina. Journal of Range Management 34:48-51. [Full PDF Text] (1981)
  • Soriano, A., O.E. Sala, and R.J.C. Leon, 1980. Actual and potencial vegetation of the Coiron Amargo prairie in the SW Chubut. Boletin de la Sociedad Argentina de Botanica 19:309-314. [Full PDF Text] (1980)
  • Dobson, A., D. Lodge, J. Alder, G. S. Cumming, J. Keymer, J. McGlade, H. Mooney, J. A. Rusak, O. E. Sala, V. Wolters, D. H. Wall, R. Winfree, and M. Xenopoulos. 2006. Habitat loss, trophic collapse and the decline of ecosystem services. Ecology 87: 1915–1924 [Full PDF Text] (1915)