Research Projects Beginning with C

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Climate Variability, Migration and Intergenerational Transfers

This project examines the ways in which climate variability influences human behavior, focusing on migration and resource-sharing within families. In this project, VanWey studies how risk affects migrant transfers in Mexico. This contributes to her larger work looking at how migrant transfers can be used not only to increase the financial well-being of sending households, but to transform the nature of local social institutions, leading to new schools and the protection of natural resources.

C8 and Reproductive and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes

This collaborative project will analyze the relationship between C8 (perflourooctonoic acid) and reproductive health outcomes, including miscarriage, preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, birth defects, and neurodevelopmental deficits among residents of West Virginia and Ohio who had elevated exposure resulting from environmental contamination from a chemical plant.

Caste Politics and Local Election Outcomes in Rural India

Munshi uses data from a village in India to examine the role of caste politics in determining local election outcomes in rural India and how these elections affect the provision of basic services, including lighting and sanitation. He finds that if an ethnic group in a particular political unit is sufficiently large it can solve political commitment problems that might otherwise cause people to vote for candidates who on average share their views, but are not otherwise qualified or capable.

Changes in Neighborhood Composition and their Effects on Children

With Robert Mare, Jackson considers the relative importance of changes in neighborhood quality that occur because of families’ mobility vs. within-neighborhood processes of change.  Preliminary results are consistent with the idea that there are important differences in the effects of each process on children’s welfare.

Children's Health Disparities in the U.S. and U.K.: The Role of the Family

This study uses longitudinal data from the U.S. and the U.K. to examine social disparities in children’s health in the two countries, with a focus on early and middle childhood.  Of particular interest are how health patterns among children with migration backgrounds change over time; how any changes are related to changing family environments; and whether there are meaningful cross-national differences in these relationships.  In related work, Jackson examines U.S.

Children’s Health and Nutrition, Adult Outcomes & Mobility

Pitt uses innovative data methods to consider environmental-health issues in Bangladesh. This project assembles, collects and analyzes multiple rounds of survey data from Bangladesh, providing family-based and individual panel information on the long-term health and productivity effects of childhood nutritional intakes, indoor air pollution, and health interventions over a 25-year span. As part of a long-term longitudinal survey on nutrition and economic activity he has collected, among other things, toenails, which provide a record of exposure to arsenic.

Commitment Devices in Long-Term Relationships

In this project, Aizer and Dal Bó find that policies that compel prosecution even if the victim later wishes to drop charges result in an increase in reporting and a decrease in the number of men murdered by intimates. These surprising results are shown to be implications of a model in which victims have time-inconsistent preferences.

Conditional Cash Transfers to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections in Mexico

This project evaluates conditional economic incentives for the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in high-risk populations in Mexico. The study focuses on willingness to accept cash transfers conditional on being free of sexually transmitted infections in key populations in Mexico, including men who have sex with men in Mexico City. Involved in this project is contingency evaluation techniques; econometric analyses, and cost effectiveness evaluation.

Consequences of Segregation and Health Outcomes in the American South

Chay is engaged in research that empirically investigates the consequences of segregation (and desegregation) in the American South for health outcomes and human capital formation. He finds that the 1946 Hospital Act that led to new hospitals for whites improved health among whites only. The introduction of the Civil Rights Act, which helped provide access to hospitals for blacks, led to substantial relative reductions in black infant mortality.