Governance and Inequality in Indian Cities

Director: Patrick Heller
Collaborator: Ashutosh Varshney (Brown University)
Research Theme: Development, Institutions and Demographic Change
Location: Republic of India
Funding: Brown Seed Funding

Indian cities face tremendous challenges of governance because of entrenched inequalities and accelerating urban migration. Yet the social science literature on urban governance in India is conspicuous by its absence. This interdisciplinary team proposes to fill this gap through a long-term research project that is motivated by three fundamental questions. First, what are the predominant patterns of inequality in urban India and how is inequality structured? Second, how are Indian cities governed and how do these patterns of governance both reflect and impact patterns of inequality?  Third, what forms of identity emerge in the migrant communities, as they come from villages to cities?  And how do they view the state and fellow citizens?  Who is us, who is them?  This question, not often asked, is important for governance, for forms of consciousness have a relationship with what kinds of politics and political structures emerge, how political parties or civil society organizations mobilize citizens.