Research Projects Beginning with P

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Partnership in Improving Adolescent Reproductive Health in Ethiopia

This project focuses on policy-relevant research on adolescent life, physical and reproductive health, and risk taking, with the goal of improving the lives of the next generation of Ethiopian citizens. Partnering U.S. and Ethiopian researchers from Brown, Emory, Jimma, and Haramaya Universities allows the project to improve long-term research capacity through enhanced training programs and communication networks and fostering jointly published scientific and policy papers.

Pentecostalism and AIDS in Nigeria

Smith examines the response of Nigerian Pentecostal churches to the AIDS epidemic, focusing on the intersection between religion and health and offering deeper understandings of the popularity, meanings, and wider societal effects of the fastest-growing religion in Africa's most populous nation.

Population and Economic Recovery in Coastal Aceh: Aid and Village Institutions

This project focuses on coastal villages in post-tsunami Indonesia, examining the ability of local political leaders to carry out public projects through “volunteer work days.” It uses a panel data set containing rich detail on local economic and political institutions, interaction of villages with external institutions, population change, and trauma suffered. Pre-existing social capital, the number of aid projects and the method of aid delivery all strongly affect village volunteerism in 2007, but many effects weakened by 2009.

Population Control and Democratic Governance

Henderson, in work with a former student, looks at the issue of spatial exclusionary policies as a mechanism of population control. He argues that the political elite deliberately used the under provision of basic water and sanitation facilities in poor areas to suppress migration. Consistent with this theory, there was an increase in the equality of access to such services in large and wealthy cities following the transition to local democratic governance.

Postsecondary Outcomes for Latino Youths

This project examines the ways in which individual, family, and school factors influence the postsecondary choices of Hispanic adolescents—a group whose educational attainment trends threaten to prepare them primarily for lower-skill and lower-wage jobs as adults, resulting in negative health and socioeconomic implications for the population as a whole. Cho and Rivas analyze the relationships of Hispanic youths’ individual motivations and family and school resources with their postsecondary choices.

Prenatal Conditions and Postnatal Environments: Impact on Future Economic Status

Aizer (in collaboration with Laura Stroud and Stephen Buka in Community Health) explores the effects of maternal stress on child outcomes using a unique longitudinal data set. She finds that cortisol levels of low SES mothers are both higher on average and more variable, suggesting that prenatal stress may play an important role in explaining why relatively few children born into poverty are able to escape it as adults.