Research Projects Beginning with T

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Teacher Evaluation and Measures of Teacher Effectiveness

Tyler examines the extent to which various classroom practices result in student test score growth and the extent to which going through a rigorous classroom-observation evaluation system impacts teacher effectiveness.

The Consequences of the Great Migration for Blacks in the U.S.

Kaivan Munshi and Chay are examining how the consequences of the Great Migration for blacks moving to northern cities depended in part on the presence of an effective civic culture and network support in their respective sending areas. They note that there was substantial variation across sending areas in the density of the black population and that a certain threshold of density was necessary to develop an effective social network prior to migration.

The Cultural Context of Infertility in Southern Nigeria: Meanings, Consequences and Coping Mechanisms

Hollos examines the well-being and social relations of sub-fertile or infertile women in Nigeria.  Two communities are compared: one that is strictly patrilineal versus one that has a mix of patri- and matrilineal practices.  While both sets of women face challenges and are, for example, more likely to be divorced from their first husband than their fertile counterparts, the women in the mixed village have better sources of support. Sub-fertile or infertile women in the patrilineal villages are more likely to migrate, shift occupations, and accumulate wealth.

The Distribution of Health Insurance in China, 1997-2006

Short and H. Xu, PSTC graduate trainee, examine disparities in health insurance across rural and urban China over the 1997-2006 period. Despite similar levels of health insurance coverage in urban and rural areas by 2006, differences in outpatient and inpatient reimbursement rates suggest continued urban advantage.

The Economic Determinants of Domestic Violence

Aizer applies economic models of bargaining and econometric techniques to estimate the causes and consequences of domestic violence. Aizer shows that there is a negative causal relationship between violence during pregnancy and newborn health, exploiting for identification variation in the enforcement of laws against domestic violence. Her findings show that a decrease in the male-female wage gap can improve the health of women via reductions in violence.

The Effect of Evaluation on Teacher Performance: Evidence from Longitudinal Student Achievement Data of Mid-career Teachers

Tyler uses rich, longitudinal data from the Cincinnati Public School system to examine the extent to which going through Cincinnati’s rigorous teacher evaluation program increases teacher effectiveness as measured by the ability to increase student test score gains.

The Effects of Childhood Health on Social Inequality

Interested in the early origins of inequality and the role of child health in the production of social inequality, Jackson uses longitudinal data from the U.S. and the United Kingdom to study child health as a source of compounding disadvantage in skill development during the school years. A recent paper examines health as a source of cumulative disadvantage in skill development, focusing in particular on whether the timing and persistence of poor health have a lasting impact.

The Epidemiology of Hospitalized Postpartum Depression

In this project, Savitz will analyze data from the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS), which covers all hospitalizations in New York State. By linking delivery and depression hospital-discharge records, he can estimate the prevalence and incidence of severe postpartum depression on more than 1.1 million births. Savitz and his collaborators will address demographic, social, and medical predictors of postpartum depression, and evaluate the relationship with infant health measures and pregnancy complications.

The Family Consequences of Child Disability

Hogan studies the effects of child disability on caregivers, with particular focus on the increased costs that families must bear when a severely disabled child is not institutionalized. The bottom line of this body of research is that while there has been a long-term trend to reduce institutionalization of severely disabled children, the family bears much of the cost.

The National Children’s Study (Providence County, RI and Bristol County, MA)

PSTC researchers Short and Logan join Principal Investigator Buka to provide the Providence County, RI and Bristol County, MA components of the National Children’s Survey. The study will examine the effects of environmental influences on the health and development of more than 100,000 children across the U.S., following them from before birth until age 21. The goal of the study is to improve the health and well-being of children.

The New England Family Study: Fifty Year Post-Perinatal Follow-up for Life Course Effects on Aging

Loucks is using a 50-year follow-up of the New England Family Study to explore how conditions during pregnancy and early life may impact epigenetic alterations and aging processes that could subsequently appear in midlife as atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, adiposity and cognitive decline. During this project, Loucks will assess the aging processes in 500 of the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) participants born in 1959-1966 to explore the life course effects on aging.

Transnational Adoptees and Migrants: From Peru to Spain

This project compares the children of Peruvian immigrants to Spain with adopted Peruvian children in Spain to discover meaningful contrasts and similarities between the two groups, leading to a better understanding of both adoption and migration.