Projects in theme: Consequences Of Migration In Sending And Receiving Areas

Climate Variability, Migration and Intergenerational Transfers

This project examines the ways in which climate variability influences human behavior, focusing on migration and resource-sharing within families. In this project, VanWey studies how risk affects migrant transfers in Mexico. This contributes to her larger work looking at how migrant transfers can be used not only to increase the financial well-being of sending households, but to transform the nature of local social institutions, leading to new schools and the protection of natural resources.

Changes in Neighborhood Composition and their Effects on Children

With Robert Mare, Jackson considers the relative importance of changes in neighborhood quality that occur because of families’ mobility vs. within-neighborhood processes of change.  Preliminary results are consistent with the idea that there are important differences in the effects of each process on children’s welfare.

Household Wellbeing in Frontier Contexts: Integrating Capitals, Returns, and Livelihoods

Hull is interested in interdisciplinary approaches to the study of household well-being, particularly in smallholder frontier contexts.

Human Trafficking Intervention and Migration Management in Nigeria

This project, which seeks to identify connections between human trafficking and migration, is part of Smith’s collection of work studying the effects of migration on the sexual behavior of young rural-urban migrants in Nigeria. Working with his doctoral student, this project will be conducted over 12 months in Nigeria, using the ethnographic methods of participant observation, self-reporting, and formal and informal interviews.

Mexican Laborers in the U.S. and Mexican Labor Market

Labor-market migration can transform individuals as they develop new skills that may or may not be marketable at home. Lindstrom examines this issue in the context of temporary Mexican immigrants to the U.S. Consistent with the literature on investment migration there is evidence that migrants return with financial capital that can be translated into self-employment; however, it appears that the Mexican labor market does not reward U.S. labor-market experience.

Migration and HIV in South Africa

This study examined the role of migration or human population movement in the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in South Africa.  Funded by the Welcome Trust, this was a 3-year cohort study with biological (HIV and STI) and behavioral outcomes, among migrant men and their rural partners, and non-migrant men and their rural partners.

Migration, HIV, and Socioeconomic Change in South Africa

This pilot investigation will address a significant AIDS-related public health issue in South Africa: the relationship between human geographic mobility and risk for disease transmission. The project uses existing data and conducts a feasibility study. It brings demographic methods and field research, coupled with a refined understanding of human geographic mobility and health transition to the present public-health concern of HIV transmission and AIDS mortality.

Postsecondary Outcomes for Latino Youths

This project examines the ways in which individual, family, and school factors influence the postsecondary choices of Hispanic adolescents—a group whose educational attainment trends threaten to prepare them primarily for lower-skill and lower-wage jobs as adults, resulting in negative health and socioeconomic implications for the population as a whole. Cho and Rivas analyze the relationships of Hispanic youths’ individual motivations and family and school resources with their postsecondary choices.

The Consequences of the Great Migration for Blacks in the U.S.

Kaivan Munshi and Chay are examining how the consequences of the Great Migration for blacks moving to northern cities depended in part on the presence of an effective civic culture and network support in their respective sending areas. They note that there was substantial variation across sending areas in the density of the black population and that a certain threshold of density was necessary to develop an effective social network prior to migration.

The Effects of Childhood Health on Social Inequality

Interested in the early origins of inequality and the role of child health in the production of social inequality, Jackson uses longitudinal data from the U.S. and the United Kingdom to study child health as a source of compounding disadvantage in skill development during the school years. A recent paper examines health as a source of cumulative disadvantage in skill development, focusing in particular on whether the timing and persistence of poor health have a lasting impact.