Projects in theme: Persistent Disparities In Health And Human Capital

The Economic Determinants of Domestic Violence

Aizer applies economic models of bargaining and econometric techniques to estimate the causes and consequences of domestic violence. Aizer shows that there is a negative causal relationship between violence during pregnancy and newborn health, exploiting for identification variation in the enforcement of laws against domestic violence. Her findings show that a decrease in the male-female wage gap can improve the health of women via reductions in violence.

The Epidemiology of Hospitalized Postpartum Depression

In this project, Savitz will analyze data from the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS), which covers all hospitalizations in New York State. By linking delivery and depression hospital-discharge records, he can estimate the prevalence and incidence of severe postpartum depression on more than 1.1 million births. Savitz and his collaborators will address demographic, social, and medical predictors of postpartum depression, and evaluate the relationship with infant health measures and pregnancy complications.

The Family Consequences of Child Disability

Hogan studies the effects of child disability on caregivers, with particular focus on the increased costs that families must bear when a severely disabled child is not institutionalized. The bottom line of this body of research is that while there has been a long-term trend to reduce institutionalization of severely disabled children, the family bears much of the cost.

The National Children’s Study (Providence County, RI and Bristol County, MA)

PSTC researchers Short and Logan join Principal Investigator Buka to provide the Providence County, RI and Bristol County, MA components of the National Children’s Survey. The study will examine the effects of environmental influences on the health and development of more than 100,000 children across the U.S., following them from before birth until age 21. The goal of the study is to improve the health and well-being of children.

The New England Family Study: Fifty Year Post-Perinatal Follow-up for Life Course Effects on Aging

Loucks is using a 50-year follow-up of the New England Family Study to explore how conditions during pregnancy and early life may impact epigenetic alterations and aging processes that could subsequently appear in midlife as atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, adiposity and cognitive decline. During this project, Loucks will assess the aging processes in 500 of the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) participants born in 1959-1966 to explore the life course effects on aging.