Projects in theme: Population Structures In The Urban Environment

Urban Studies and Demography of China

In China, controls on movement of people to urban areas have been more explicit, as they were in apartheid South Africa. This control has altered the trajectory of these cities and created an underclass without full access to relevant service. Logan is building on a long history of work examining population distribution and stratification in Chinese cities. His recent work uses both original surveys and Chinese census microdata to evaluate residential restructuring, disparities in access to housing between local urbanites and migrants, and the development of private housing markets.

Urban Transportation and Economic Activity

Baum-Snow evaluates the role that transportation infrastructure plays in the spatial organization of population and economic activity. He investigates how the expansion of urban highway networks has led to decentralization of people and firms, and changed the spatial distribution of commutes in U.S. metropolitan areas. He has also evaluated the extent to which urban rail transit expansions have led to changes in commuting patterns and undertaken welfare analysis of such projects.

Urbanization in Ghana and Kenya

In this new project, White will use geocoded DHS microdata to examine neighborhood-level disparities in health and socio-economic conditions and their relationship to urbanization in Ghana and Kenya. This work will provide insight into the relative importance of better provision of public health infrastructure in urban areas versus greater variation in access to resources due to income variation or to exclusionary policies in urban areas.