CTR Electives

Electives

Students are expected to work closely with their academic advisor to determine the most appropriate electives for their individual educational plan and career goals. The following electives may be of interest for students in the M.S. in Clinical and Translational Research. All of these electives must be approved by each student’s academic advisor to ensure that the elective is appropriate for the individual student.

PHP 1100 - Comparative Health Care Systems

Focuses on principles of national health system organization and cross-national comparative analysis. Emphasizes application of comparative models to the analysis of health and health-related systems among nations at varying levels of economic development and health care reform. Addresses research questions related to population health and systems' performance. Questionnaire completion required.

PHP 1740 - Principles of Health Behavior and Health Promotion Interventions

Examines health behavior decision-making and elements for design of health promotion interventions. Covers theories of health behavior (focusing on primary and secondary prevention), principles of intervention design, and reading of research literature. Emphasizes psychological, social, and proximate environmental influences on individuals' health-related behaviors. Restricted to juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Prerequisite: PHP 0320.

PHP 1680T - Translation, Diffusion and Cultural Relevance of Health Promotion Interventions

Intended to help students become familiar with three key aspects of disease prevention/health promotion programs: (1)how findings from "basic" behavioral and social science(BSS) research are tested for effectiveness in real-life settings(translation); (2)how programs with demonstrated effectiveness, in one or more local settings, are introduced and adopted more broadly (diffusion); and (3)how cultural relevance is involved in both translation and diffusion. Translation and Diffusion will comprise the two main sections of the semester. Cultural relevance will be a theme integrated into each part of the course. Appropriate for BSSI, MPH, and advanced undergraduate students 

PHP 2340 - Behavioral and Social Science Theory for Health Promotion

Reviews theories currently used for planning interventions to improve health-related behaviors and health status. Additional topics are theory development and testing; challenges to using theory; and the creation of causal diagrams based on concepts from theories. Our focus will be multi-level, dealing with the need to draw from multiple theories to design interventions to promote health in a particular context. This course is appropriate for MPH and PhD graduate students, as well as undergraduate seniors and juniors with a course background in public/community health.

PHP 2440 - Pharmacoepidemiology

The course will focus on substantive topics in pharmacoepidemiology, including relevant principles of pharmacology, inference from spontaneous case reports, study design considerations, premarketing pharmacoepidemiology, common data sources for pharmacoepidemiologic studies, drug utilization review, adherence, and the development, implementation, and assessment of therapeutic risk management policies. The course will also focus on issues in pharmacovigilance, including the legal and historical basis of pharmacovigilance, evaluation of individual adverse drug events, signal detection, active safety surveillance, and medication errors. A clinical background is not required. Prerequisites are PHP2120 and PHP2510 (or PHP2507) or permission of the instructor. 

PHP 2019 - Measurement Issues in Health Care

Provides a theoretical and practical basis for measurement in health care. Introduces measurement theory, scale development, and criteria to be considered when choosing measures in clinical practice and research. Practical exercises include questionnaire development and a written research protocol for the development and validation of a new measure. Prerequisites: PHP 2120, PHP 2510.

PHP 2060 - Qualitative Methods in Health Research

Introduces qualitative approaches to data collection and analysis in health research. Methods covered include: participant observation, key-informant interviews, focus groups, innovative data collection strategies, and non-obtrusive measures. Students will use applied projects to develop skills in: qualitative data collection and management, interviewing, transcript analysis using computerized software, triangulation between qualitative and quantitative data, and report preparation for qualitative studies. 

PHP 2180 - Interpretation and Application of Epidemiology

This advanced graduate seminar is a critical history of epidemiologic concepts and methods, emphasizing 19th century to the present. Students build on teachings from PHP2120 to understand and apply theoretical challenges of disease definitions and causal thinking. Weekly reading and writing assignments strengthen skills in awareness of belief systems and construction of facts within specific ideologic frameworks. Prerequisite: PHP 2120.

PHP 2200 - Advanced Methods in Epidemiologic Research

Reinforces the concepts and methods taught in BC 212, with in-depth instruction in study design, confounding, model construction, measurement error, estimation, effect modification, and causal inference. Prerequisites or co-reqs: PHP 2120, 2510, 2511.

PHP 2210 - Epidemiology of Chronic Disease

A survey of central issues in selected health conditions that have major disabling consequences. The focus is on epidemiologic and biologic features of these conditions and their social and biologic determinants such as smoking, poverty, occupational exposures, nutrition, and heredity. Methodological areas include classification, screening, lead time bias, time trends, etc. Seminar format. Students present reviews of selected topics. Prerequisite: Enrollment in PHP 2120 or knowledge of elementary epidemiologic methods.

PHP 2220B - Nutritional Epidemiology

Designed for graduate students interested in conducting or better interpreting epidemiologic studies on nutrition and disease. The first part of the lectures will be devoted to methodological issues in nutritional epidemiology studies. In the second part, basic nutrition topics will be reviewed as well as the current state of knowledge regarding nutrition and disease.

PHP 2350 - Decision Analysis Public Health Policy and Practice

Introduces methods and applications of decision analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, and benefit-cost analysis in public health policy and practice, including health care technology assessment, medical decision making, and health resource allocation. Examines technical features of these methods, problems associated with implementing them, and advantages and pitfalls in their application in setting public health policy. Prerequisites: PHP 2510 and PHP 2120 or equivalent.

PHP 2360 - Designing, Implementing and Evaluating Public Health Interventions

This course will provide students with skills in designing, planning, implementing and evaluating public health interventions. Levels of intervention will range from promotion of individual behavior changes to interventions with families or other small groups; to interventions at organizations such as schools, worksites, health care settings; to community-based interventions; to social marketing and health communications; to regulatory policy and environmental changes. The course will cover behavior change theories for each intervention level, intervention mapping, conceptualizing, planning and implementing health programs and interventions; needs issues; process and impact/outcome evaluation of interventions and dissemination. Students will develop skills in critiquing intervention studies and gain experience in developing a hypothetical behavior change intervention. Undergraduates must ask permission. Juniors and seniors only.

PHP 2400 - Changing US Health Care System

Reviews the development of the health care delivery, financing and regulatory control systems in the U.S. and reviews the literature on the relationship between health system structure and the services used and health outcomes that populations experience. A case-study approach is used to understand the inter-relationship between financing, delivery and regulatory components of the health system and their implication for public health by drawing on epidemiological, economic, political and sociological principals. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or PHP 0310 or PHP 0070 (not available to freshmen or sophomores). Instructor permission required.

PHP 2430 - Analysis of Population Based Datasets

Epidemiologic, health services, and social research often conducts "secondary analysis" of existing population-based datasets. Benefits include their representative sampling frames allowing generalizability to larger populations, timeliness, and lower cost. In addition, computer technology makes it possible to link some databases providing richer sources of information. There are several technical and methodological concerns when conducting "secondary analysis." Students will download, link, and analyze several data sets to understand the advantages of these data for health policy analysis as well as understand and apply different analytic methods. Familiarity with statistical analysis software is required. Prerequisites: (PHP 2120 & PHP 2510) or (PHP 2500) or (MPH analytic internship) or (PHP 2501 & PHP 2502).

PHP 2440 - Pharmacoepidemiology

This course provides an in-depth approach to methodologic issues encountered in the nonexperimental study of medications and an introduction to pharmacology principles pertinent to the design on nonexperimental studies. Emphasis is on the identification of factors that influence the quality of observation reserach of medications, as well as studies designs and techniques to minimize such factors. Prerequisites: PHP 2120, 2510, 2511, 2200 or equivalent.

PHP 2450 - Measuring and Improving the Quality of Health Care

The quality of health care in the United States is in urgent need of improvement. This course will focus on the science of measuring and improving the quality of health care. Topics will include quality assessment, patient safety, medical errors, public reporting, financial incentives, organizational change, and health care disparities. Students will engage in a team-based quality improvement project. Pre-requisites: PHP 2120 or instructor's permission. Limited to Grad students only.

PHP 2420 - Evaluating Public Health Programs and Policies

Students will learn an overview of evaluation methodologies using both primary data collection and administrative data. Evaluation methods will be taught in the context of published studies and guest speakers' work covering a broad range of public health interest areas. Students will develop a proposal to evaluate a public health program that is ongoing or in the planning stage at the Rhode Island Department of Health or other public health-related human service agency. The proposed evaluation will be designed to balance scientific rigor with cost efficiency and viability.

PHP 2980 - Graduate Independent Study and Thesis Research

Section numbers vary by instructor. Please check Banner for the correct section number and CRN to use when registering for this course.

ENGN 2910G - Topics in Translational Research and Technologies

To improve human health, engineering and scientific discoveries must be explored in the context of application and translated into human/societal value. Translational research is creating a fundamental change in the way basic science and engineering research has operated for decades, breaking down the literal and figurative walls that separate basic scientists/engineers and clinical researchers. Such discoveries typically begin at "the bench" with basic research and in the case of medicine then progress to the clinical level, or the patient's "bedside." This seminar course will utilize case studies to demonstrate to students how the translational research unfolds. Lectures will be delivered by clinicians, medical researchers, engineers, and entrepreneurs, with case studies focused on topics ranging from value creation, IRB, HIPAA, FDA approval, etc.