408 Maxcy Hall
Ph.D., New York University, 2003
Areas of Interest:
International Political Economy (Trade, Health), Globalization, Political Sociology, Comparative Historical Sociology, International Organizations, Social Theory
Nitsan Chorev is Associate Professor of Sociology at Brown University. She was previously a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a Global Fellow at the UCLA International Institute. She specializes in the politics of globalization and neoliberalism, and teaches global political economy, comparative historical sociology, classical social theory, and contemporary social theory.
Her first book, Remaking U.S. Trade Policy: From Protectionism to Globalization (Cornell University Press, 2007), looks at the globalization as a political, rather than a merely economic, project and investigates what political conditions made globalization possible. The book offers a political history of global trade liberalization in the United States from the 1930s to the 2000s by tracing the political struggles and institutional transformations that allowed supporters of liberal trade to successfully win free-trade policies against what was initially an influential protectionist opposition. The book won the ASA Political Economy of the World-Systems book award.
Her second book, The World Health Organization between North and South (Cornell University Press, 2012) looks at the transformation of international health policies from the 1970s to the present. The book looks at how the WHO bureaucracy has managed to transcend political turbulence and avoid having its agenda co-opted either by the small minority of wealthy nations, who fund the organization, or by poor nations, who hold the majority of votes, through astute strategies of reframing countries’ demands before responding to them. The book shows that through such strategies the WHO bureaucracy was able not only to reach consensus among member states but also to reach a consensus that fit the bureaucracy’s own principles and interests. The book assesses the response of the WHO bureaucracy to member-states’ pressure during two particularly contentious moments. The first occurred in the 1970s-1980s, when developing countries – angered by the deepening gap between the haves and the have-nots – called for a more equal international economic order. The second, which started in the late 1990s, involved WHO’s efforts to adjust to neoliberal policies in the United States and other wealthy countries that affected the amount of money they were prepared to give to global causes and the types of programs they were willing to fund.
She is currently working on a new project, on the pharmaceutical markets in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, which traces the changing fortunes of multinational pharmaceutical companies, importers of generic medicines (particularly Indian) and local manufacturers over time.