The Economic Determinants of Domestic Violence

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Director: Anna Aizer
Research Theme: Persistent Disparities in Health and Human Capital
Funding: NICHD, NSF

Aizer applies economic models of bargaining and econometric techniques to estimate the causes and consequences of domestic violence. Aizer shows that there is a negative causal relationship between violence during pregnancy and newborn health, exploiting for identification variation in the enforcement of laws against domestic violence. Her findings show that a decrease in the male-female wage gap can improve the health of women via reductions in violence. The research findings have important policy implications for violence prevention programs and for labor policies regarding pay parity and gender discrimination in the work force.